Palantir’s new development is called the Defense Artificial Intelligence Platform (AIP) and is a Large Language Model-based (LLM) artificial intelligence platform similar to Chat GPT, but running on a secure IT infrastructure.
In one of his presentation videos, Palantir demonstrates the use of AIP in an AI-simulated military conflict. In the video, the operator communicates with a chatbot, commands drones for aerial reconnaissance, forms various attack plans, and arranges to jam enemy communications.
The operator uses AIP to create three possible options to achieve objectives. At the same time, orders to military units and equipment participating in the battle are given in automatic mode. Options suggested by the AI include attacking the tank with an F-16 multi-role fighter, long-range artillery, or a Javelin man-portable anti-tank missile system. In the video, the AI even tells everyone participating in the battle if nearby units have enough javelins to complete the mission.
Although the operator is present at the demonstration of the AIP operation, their participation in decision making is minimal. He just asks the chatbot for options and confirms them.
Given the particularities of Palantir, it is not surprising that they were the first to propose the use of artificial intelligence to solve tactical military tasks, that is, to directly participate in combat.
Palantir software is designed to analyze, integrate and visualize large amounts of data in various industries such as finance, healthcare and the public sector. The company’s clients over the years have included the US Intelligence Community, US Department of Defense, Special Operations Command, Marine Corps, NSA, FBI, the West Point Military Academy, the US National Public Health Agency, the Air Force Broadcasting Company, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and other organizations.
AIP is not a specialized product for the military. The presentation demonstrates only one of the scenarios for its use. The platform allows you to integrate AI into any secure software environment. In the demo, AIP uses three major open source language models, as well as several custom plugins.
At the same time, experts point out that the three neural network models used in AIP, previously, in other companies’ products, often gave wrong decisions or simply gave non-existent answers.
Artificial intelligence expert, CEO of One Green Monkey, Otari Melikishvili, expressed doubts about the current effectiveness of AIP: “It’s just an AI-based event analysis system linked to a map. For this to work properly, you need to constantly , every second , collect “tons of ground sensors, drones, satellites, video transmissions, sound data, vibrations, etc. Without such information, the system will not function properly, and now no one can collect this data in such volume on a changing map of hostilities. The Palantir video looks more like a marketing and PR activity than a finished prototype.”
There is still a heated debate among politicians, experts, public organizations about the limits of the use of artificial intelligence.
An open letter was posted on the website of the non-profit organization Future of Life calling for a six-month suspension of the development of artificial intelligence systems more powerful than GPT-4.
The letter was signed by Space X and Tesla boss Elon Musk, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Tristan Harris (of the Center for Humane Technology) and more than 1,000 others, including Russian developers. The signatories believe that AI development cannot be entrusted to “unelected technology leaders”, that AI products must be created with the confidence that they will have a “positive effect”. Often, even the creators themselves do not understand the decisions that the AI makes.
Ethical issues in the development and use of AI are not limited to the military. Father Fyodor Lukyanov, Chairman of the Patriarchal Commission for Family Affairs, Maternity and Child Protection, believes that it is necessary to establish a ban on the use of human voices and faces in AI programs and technologies.