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Andalusian women forerunners of feminism

Date: June 27, 2022 8:44 pm
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The history of the Andalusian people was also written by women. Many of them went down in history without much recognition, despite the fact that their actions crossed time and geographical barriers, affecting the future of Spain, the labor movement and, of course, feminism and the emancipation of women. These are some historical figures from the south of the country whose memory needs to be rehabilitated.

Angeles Lopez de Ayala

Born in Sevillespent part of his childhood in the Sahara de la Sierra (Cadiz). He began his religious studies at the convent of Santa Catalina, but soon abandoned the monastic life to devote himself to literature. At just 16 years old, he completed his first novel, The Triumph of Virtue, divided into four volumes.

López de Ayala devoted herself mainly to drama and journalism, but she was also a staunch advocate for women’s rights. Having a republican ideology and close to anarchism, in 1898 he founded Women’s Progressive Societyorganization that advocated secularism, labor movement values, and women’s suffrage.

Amalia Soler

He was born and raised in Seville and next to Angeles Lopez de AyalaShe was part of the Women’s Progressive Society. Raised by her mother alone, at the age of eight she almost completely lost her sight, which caused vision problems that would accompany her for the rest of her life.

However, her visual health did not stop her from pursuing a career as a writer and novelist, publishing her first poems at the age of 18. Domingo Soler was an important campaigner for women’s emancipation, but she also became the main informative spokesman for spiritualism in Spain, becoming part of Masonic Lodge “Daughters of Rebirth”founded by Amalia Karvia.

Amalia Karvia

This woman from Cadiz devoted herself to writing and drawing, but made history for her strong commitment to the fight for women’s freedom. In 1895 he founded the Daughters of the Rebirth, the first Masonic lodge in Cadiz. But Karwiya, along with her sister Ana, was also involved in founding feminist groups that demanded suffrage and other civil rights. This is the case General Women’s Association (works in Cadiz and Huelva) or Women’s Advancement Leaguethe first state-level feminist organization.

Government of the Second Republic awarded in 1934 Knight’s Crossa dozen veterans who defended their ideals and achieved fame and recognition in the struggle. Amalia Karvia, then 72 years old, was the only woman to receive this award.

Victoria Kent

He may be the most recognizable figure on this list, but he has few claims. Malaga originwhere she lived until 1917. Kent was the first woman in the world to practice law in a court martial. Near Clara Campoamor and Margarita Nelkenwas one of the first deputies to take a seat in the Congress of Deputies during the Second Republic.

Unlike Campoamor, she was opposed to the legalization of the female vote, so she lost popularity in the 1933 elections, although she returned to Congress after the 1936 elections. After the Francoist coup d’état and subsequent dictatorship, Kent took refuge in New York. There I would meet Louis Cranedaughter of Josephine Crane, one of the founders MoMA. Victoria and Louise lived the romance to the end of their lives, and together they fought to end all dictatorships in the world.

Carmen de Burgos

nature Almeria, Carmen de Burgos is remembered as an important journalist, translator, writer and advocate for women’s rights. A member of the Generation of ’98, he wrote a daily column for Diario Universal, where he signed under the pseudonym “Columbine”.

The writer did her best to defend the legalization of divorce, which brought her closer to other progressive figures such as Giner rivers. With the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931, de Burgos joined Radical Socialist Republican Party he also founded the Masonic lodge of Amor, in which he held the highest office of Grand Master.


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