Rossiyskaya Gazeta: Anzor Zaindievich, let’s start with the statistics. How many dacha robberies in the suburbs?
Anzor Kagaev: According to the Information Center of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Moscow Region, 174 robberies were recorded during 5 months of 2023 and 280 during the same period in 2022.
In just 12 months of 2022, 540 robberies were detected. There is a decrease in the record of robberies to country houses for 5 months of the current year by 37.9%.
When are country houses most often robbed – in winter or in the warm season?
Anzor Kagaev: Basically, robberies in country houses and gardens are committed in the winter period from January to March. The criminals enter the houses, taking advantage of the absence of the owners, possible eyewitnesses, also the remoteness of the disposition of the parties and the inaccessibility of the entrance of the transport.
What is, in the opinion of a professional, the difficulty in clarifying this type of crime?
Anzor Kagaev: The main difficulties in solving this type of crime is that a lot of time passes between the fact of a crime and the moment it is established, and it is no longer possible to solve it in pursuit. As time passes, it is difficult to identify witnesses, the attackers have time to eliminate the traces of the crime and sell the stolen goods.
In the summer, the number of robberies in the construction of private housing and country houses decreases.
However, with the start of the summer season, the number of requests from citizens about the facts of robberies in country houses increases. This is due to the fact that the owners of summer cottages after the winter period begin to visit their houses more often and find traces of theft on locks and windows. I will give you an example. In April this year, officers of the Criminal Investigation Department of the Russian Interior Ministry in the urban district of Lukhovitsy detained a 31-year-old Ryazan resident on suspicion of committing 18 robberies.
According to the available information, the attacker, using improvised metal objects, damaged windows or doors and illegally entered garages, sheds, as well as country houses located on the territory of garden non-profit associations. From the premises he stole power tools, household appliances and other things from the citizens, after which he fled the crime scene.
In the evening, the police received information about another robbery at a gardening association. During the development of the area, the operatives near the crime scene saw a man with a sack. During a personal search, a chainsaw, a screwdriver and other tools obtained by criminal means were found.
The detainee said that for six months he purposely came from Ryazan to Lukhovitsy by train to commit robberies. After each crime, he hid the stolen goods in the forest and then transported them in parts to his apartment in Ryazan.
In the future, he sold stolen property over the Internet and spent the proceeds on personal needs.
The investigation established the participation of a citizen in 18 thefts committed in the district. The total amount of damage amounted to more than 200 thousand rubles. As a result of the visit to the place of residence, the operatives discovered and confiscated part of the stolen goods.
In recent years, the lines between burglaries from private homes and homes located in garden associations and cooperatives have blurred.
An investigator of the Investigative Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs initiated criminal cases against the suspect under article 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which are combined into one procedure. The Lukhovitsky District Court chose a preventive measure in the form of detention for the attacker.
Who is at greater risk, a summer resident who comes only for the weekend or someone who lives in the house full time?
Anzor Kagaev: It should be noted that in recent years the boundaries between private housing construction and country houses located in garden associations and cooperatives have been blurred in recent years.
Often, private houses are used by owners as summer cottages, for gardening and gardening with temporary residence – only in the summer. And, on the contrary, they settle in country houses as a permanent residence.
Have you ever calculated what attracts the most attention of thieves during robberies in the country?
Anzor Kagaev: As practice shows, most attackers steal office equipment, dishes, personal items, power tools, as well as non-ferrous metal and building materials. So, in May of this year, employees of the criminal investigation department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the urban district of Taldom detained a 33-year-old native of one of the Central Asian countries, suspected of committing a series of crimes. . robberies
It was established that the attacker and his accomplice, by damaging the lock on the front door, entered a country house located near the village of Belskoye, from where they stole an electric saw, a ladder and an ax.
For this fact, the investigator of the Investigative Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs initiated a criminal case under article 158 of the Criminal Code “Robbery”.
As a result of operational search activities, the police identified and detained one of the suspects at the place of his temporary residence.
During the inspection of his home, investigators found and seized previously stolen property, including a power saw, lawn mowers, construction tool kits, and other expensive items.
As part of the investigation, the involvement of the attacker in the commission of another 12 similar episodes of criminal activity on the territory of the same settlement and the village of Sorokino was established.
The total amount of damages caused to the plaintiffs amounted to more than 450 thousand rubles. The Taldomsky District Court chose a restraining measure in the form of detention for the defendant.
Police officers are taking steps to identify and arrest accomplices in these crimes. Some of the stolen property was returned to its rightful owners.
What should a summer resident do in order to secure his country house as much as possible?
Anzor Kagaev: Country house owners must take measures to preserve their property.
The most effective protection of property is to equip country houses with security and alarm systems connected to the central control panel of private security.
In order to prevent and solve crimes of this type, an analysis of the operational situation in the line of dacha robberies and operational and preventive measures of the local complex are carried out on a permanent basis in the places most prone to robberies, as well as in connection with the people involved in its commission, previously convicted of similar crimes and leading an antisocial lifestyle.