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Cute like anime characters, aggressive like punks. From which a new subculture of PMC “Redan” has grown

Date: March 22, 2023 Time: 12:24:04

The new youth movement, PMC Redan, appears to be something incredibly new, but only at first glance.


The new youth movement, PMC Redan, appears to be something incredibly new, but only at first glance. Looking back, we’ve been through this before. Just like anime people beat jocks, rockers beat metalheads. Just as none of the participants in the “makhach” can clearly articulate what the fight is for, so “everyone went, and I went.” There are outward signs of a subculture. There is a sense of belonging to something big, important and dangerous. It is important to follow the signs (and you are already in the team), if they are going to go along with everyone, and no more questions.

But most importantly: as then, the inner springs of this case are unclear. In the late 1980s, Kazan and the neighboring regions were drawn into district-to-district fighting. The guys came up with the names of the districts, the emblem (primitive, as a rule, was based on the crown), they painted it on the houses and beat up teenagers who entered someone else’s territory. Periodically staged wall-to-wall fights. It ended as suddenly as it began. And there were many speculations invented in retrospect: here, they say, our eyes demanded changes, the USSR was boiling and was close to sunset, and it was like a rehearsal before the era of cooperatives and the confrontations of the 90s. Of course not . How extremely dubious are attempts to see the influence of the criminal subculture in those fights (it was, but it was basically).

Therefore, many researchers associate such movements with anything, for example, with the collective unconscious or with solar activity, which exacerbates this unconscious. And now only the Sun is near the peak of its cyclical power. But also unlikely.

In general, let’s wait for a hint (if any), but for now, just remember what happened before, and in which, perhaps, we ourselves participated.



Terrible on the outside, free of soul, anarchists and nihilists in relations with society and power, the punks wore blue-green Mohicans (instead of lacquer, they say: they fixed them with beer), ripped jeans and leather jackets, thick boots , collars and bracelets with metal spikes.

He selflessly listened to the Sex Pistols. The first, still Soviet punks, were the St. Petersburg rock musicians Andrei Panov from “Pig” and Viktor Tsoi.

“The lost generation that has no future”, “it is better to be pigs in a pigsty” – these are punks about themselves and the world around them. The punks got together, drank and fought (although the first two points were more loved).


The metalheads had long hair and wore black T-shirts with Metallica and AC/DC logos, studded leather wristbands, massive chains and fingerless gloves, again leather jackets and chain boots. In general, they are peaceful and really immersed in music. Often very good. Domestic idols were “Aria”, “Metal Corrosion”, “Black Obelisk”.

In provincial towns, metalheads might as well hang out with punks; They say that although we are different, we are still not the same as all these civilized people around us.

Concert of the group “Korol i Shut”. Photo: Anton Novoderezhkin / TASS


A purely Russian criminal youth subculture, unlike punks and metalheads. Although the gopniks would probably be offended by this word. They also beat all these long-haired non-formals in the courtyards and clearly did not apply the concept of “culture” to themselves, short-haired and dressed in tracksuits. A bag and a cap, that’s the whole culture.

Groups of gopniks fought for territories of influence in their cities, built a hierarchy on the principles of force and “authority”. The police treated them quite seriously, and for good reason – the gopniks were aggressive, they could not only beat them for “non-patsanian” behavior and appearance, but also rob and humiliate. And in the nineties, many adult gopniks – all these Dimons, Zheks and Grays – switched to an almost criminal business or controlled someone else’s business. And not everyone survived this ten-year-old boy.



Instead of gloomy, gothic, metal punks, bright, dancing rappers and hip-hops appeared. In baggy T-shirts and oversized jeans, baseball caps and sweatshirts two sizes too big, with dreadlocks and chains. They turned on Bad Balance, Tupac Shakur and “Casta” at full volume. They danced in the street and painted graffiti on the walls (at that time in Russia no one called it street art, much less perceived it as art, vandalism and nothing more).

In this subculture, as in all, perhaps, there is also a protest. Initially, African Americans and Latinos against the prosperous white inhabitants of the United States. In Russian realities – informal, youthful, non-conformist, not rich in the face of the official and generally accepted. Dormitory areas and suburban workplaces, where life was less than sweet in the 1990s, became analogues of black ghettos. They talked about it and sprayed paint from aerosol cans on gray campsites.


Electronic music, many hours of dancing in discos to the rhythm of DJ sets (raves, actually), neon outfits and colored locks, piercings in all parts of the body, ravers painted the nineties in bright colors and found joy in the musical parties (not without alcohol, what is there). Moscow’s first Gagarin Party rave was held in the Cosmos pavilion at VDNKh, and here we go.



Emo, or emo guys, have a bit of punk, a bit of goth, a bit of ravers. Irregular black or white radical locks, short bangs, pierced lips, eyebrows and nostrils, black manicure, Pierrot-style makeup with black eyeliner, tennis shoes, children’s T-shirts and heavy “work” jackets, badges and jewelry with skulls and broken hearts.

But this is not the main thing. Emo people are looking for a big bright love and they are very worried. Actually, “emo” is just emotions. Bright and honest, like a child (hence the emo kid). Aggravated, painful and tragic (well, who managed to avoid unhappy love in adolescence?). Unique and inimitable for each person (yes, such an emo protest, self-expression through emotions in a consumer society).

Emo, of course, did not fight. But they were stigmatized as a depressive subculture that caused teenagers to commit suicide. And sometimes they were just considered childish whiners.


If you heard about anime people at this time, then most likely at the beginning of the 21st century you were no longer a teenager, and your children were not yet. A subculture inspired by Japanese cartoons (anime) and comics (manga) appeared in Russia in the 2000s or even in the late 1990s. And at the same time, numerous branches and streams began to multiply.

Magical girls “maho shoujo”. “Moonies” with red, blue and yellow hair in white stockings and short skirts, like Japanese schoolgirls. J-rockers listened to Japanese rock and pop. Cosplayers sewed costumes of anime characters and hung out at crowded festivals. Some through the subculture immersed themselves in the Japanese art of origami and ikebana or kendo wrestling and learned Japanese to translate anime. And someone only got echoes in the form of the Japanese words “nya” (nice – well, that is, beautiful, like) and “chan” (later, in the age of social networks, “Vinishko chan”, girls with glasses and with quads posting their photos with glasses). It seems that we are now looking at another incarnation of the anime.


The youth subculture of PMC “Redan” took Russia by storm: what it is and why teenagers film fights in a shopping center

Parents across the country are fearfully wondering what Redan PMC is, which has already recruited hundreds of thousands of teens. Answering the main questions about the new subculture (more)

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.

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