Yolanda Diaz takes a political initiative to support her own project on the brink of launching the audition process. The government’s second vice-president and minister of labor and social economy does not at all believe that she has complied with the labor reform approval, but is setting the stage for an ambitious program to be rolled out in the coming months. Battery of Labor Laws from the Charter of Fellows to the Law on Institutional Participation of Social Agents, culminating in the birth of 21st century labor law, the jewel in the crown of your portfolio. To do this, he will use experts from a variety of economic, academic and social fields, on whom he will rely during his six-month tour of the country.
The VP wants to lay a solid foundation for his stellar project and for that reason is going to create committee of experts that they will study and define the meaning of a new modernized and developed legislative framework for the world of work, which considers the entire process of ecological transition, digital and social transformation. The idea is for this group of wise men to start working as soon as possible so that they can submit a report in a timely manner for discussion with social agents and agree on this new 21st century labor charter with employers and unions. which is responsible for negotiating reforms with the government. It is a modus operandi similar to that used to determine the path for the interprofessional minimum wage (SMI) to rise: first the experts speak and then the social partners negotiate.
Diaz emphasizes the importance of listening to those who understand the subjects, and this will be the essence of his listening. A process that, albeit imperceptibly, has already begun. Recall that the vice-president called together fifty of the best economists in the country to draw up recipes against the crisis caused by the war in Ukraine. The meeting left a good mark on everyone’s lips, although some of the participants later chose not to appear in Díaz’s project, as revealed by the expert committees themselves, sources who interpreted that the removal of screening from some of those present was due to personal matters. and the professional connections they had with the PSOE and with Moncloa. Everything indicates that this is one of the difficulties that Diaz will have to face in the coming months.
The vice president and secretary of labor will listen to experts, but she will also promote social dialogue with Institutional Participation Law which will have several directions: from rewarding employers and trade unions for their participation as social partners in reform negotiations with the government – this is hard work for which they do not charge a certain amount, in addition to the subsidies they receive for the mandate of the Council of Ministers – to include representatives workers to the boards of directors and decision makers of companies. This last question is a tricky one, especially for the CEOE, but even Vice President of Economic Affairs Nadia Calvino has spoken out in favor of opening the debate.
In parallel, Vice President Diaz plans to convene social agents to solve the problem. “big resignation”that while it doesn’t have as much of an impact in Spain as it does in other countries – see the example of the United States, where millions of workers have left their jobs voluntarily – it’s starting to cause some concern in the business world about vacancies that are almost uncovered . Spain, with over 3 million unemployed, it has 109,000 vacancies. for which companies cannot find workers. The Ministry will conduct a detailed study of the sectors in which there are problems in order to take action together with employers and trade unions, although the meeting on this issue will not be a social dialogue table as such, but rather a meeting for the exchange of impressions.
What has already begun to be discussed with social agents at the official table is the new Statute of Fellows, the development of which was provided for by the labor reform. The goal of the Department of Labour, which is leading this reform together with the Social Security and universities, is to develop a regulation that guarantees the protection of the rights of those who engage in non-labor practices, both in companies and in public institutions. to end instability and fight fake recruitment scams and abuses. The first formal proposal proposed measures such as the obligation pay interns, recognize their vacation entitlement or limit their number depending on the size of the company. For this reform, Diaz also plans to hold meetings with groups of young people from academia and universities to listen to their input and piece together their demands.
Another inevitable negotiation is the issue of reform Law 30/2015 on the vocational training system for employment in the workplace. In fact, the ministry has already opened a table to resolve this issue with employers and trade unions, but it has been paralyzed for several months. Labor plans to call in social agents in the coming weeks to restart this reform. It will then consider the law on time use and rationalization of schedules, which is a commitment of a coalition that seeks to promote flexibility in companies, with the aim of providing workers with tools that allow them, under certain circumstances, to change their schedules and organize their working day, for which one might even think about making a watch bag. And in between there will be reform to stop the massive fraud of false cooperatives, as predicted in these pages.
Last but not least, Diaz has yet to convene the Interprofessional Minimum Wage Review Advisory Panel, a committee of experts appointed by the vice president to determine the path of increase SMI should follow to reach 60% of the median wage. in 2023 to revise their recommendations. Rising inflation, which peaked last March at the height of the war in Ukraine, but which will remain high for a long time to come, fully affects the renewal of the payroll, so this reference to 60% of the average salary, as expected , should be updated upwards. These papers will be key to SMI 2023 negotiations with social agents who have been unable to close the recommendation for a pay increase for this year’s collective bargaining.
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