For remote monitoring of forests, data from the information system “Accounting for timber and transactions with it” and satellite image materials are used. They control those regions and forests where the extraction and processing of wood is actively carried out, and there have been cases of illegal logging. The area of such monitoring is constantly expanding, so in 2022 it increased from 212 to 220 million hectares.
“In 2021, the Siberian regions were among the offenders: the Irkutsk, Tomsk regions and the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Systematic monitoring has yielded positive results: the number of violations in these regions has decreased by 33%. In the last three years, the volume of illegal logging in Russia, according to the results of remote monitoring, has decreased by 3 times, which indicates its effectiveness Most violations by remote monitoring in 2022 were detected in the Amur regions , Sverdlovsk and the Republic of Buryatia accounted for 46.5% of registration of facts that have signs of illegal, “said the deputy head of Rosleskhoz Anastasia Vinokurova.
The agency highlights that, based on the results of on-site inspections, the executive authorities of the constituent entities in 2022 confirmed more than 2,000 cases of forest law violations identified through remote monitoring, with a total volume of felling that shows signs of being illegal, about 300,000 m3. Other law enforcement agencies will work with the materials.
As the head of the Khabarovsk regional branch of the All-Russian Public Ecological, Cultural and Educational Organization Vladimir Sidorov noted, there are fewer and fewer forest resources available in the Far East.
“To meet the need for resources, companies are starting to go where they didn’t go before: water protection areas, slopes, as well as forests that were previously unprofitable to log. An important point is that the digitization of the industry now It allows us to receive more reliable information. There is a shortage of personnel in the Far East, so specialists do not have time to monitor the entire territory, so thanks to technology, we can now see a reliable picture,” Sidorov said.
Vladimir Morozov, Chairman of the Rosleskhoz Public Council, believes that the number of detected violations does not always indicate that more violations have started, perhaps they have become more involved in the identification of violations.
“For many years, the Rosleskhoz department for the Far Eastern Federal District (Far Eastern Federal District – ed.) has had questions about the efficiency of work. Through the efforts of the public, including our Public Council under the Agency Federal Forestry, in 2021, we managed to draw attention to the critical situation in forestry. As a result, for more than a year, the Department has been headed by a new head, Maxim Sirotkin, who immediately got involved in the work, and has already notes that his team works much more efficiently, is aimed at seriously improving the situation legislation,” Morozov said.
In addition, according to him, the situation in Primorye began to improve after the arrival of the new Minister of Forestry and Wildlife Protection, Konstantin Stepanovna, in the region in 2021.
“But there is still a lot of work there, like in other regions of the Russian Federation,” Morozov said.