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Five times more useful than usual: scientists have found a new way of vegetables

Date: July 12, 2024 Time: 22:41:44

An immature plant contains approximately five times the beneficial glucosinolates

Photo: Shutterstock

Even if the vegetables in your garden do not grow to a large size, this may not be a lack, but rather an advantage. Scientists from the USDA Agricultural Research Service and the University of Maryland presented their research at ACS FALL 2023 on the benefits of microgreens, meaning vegetables in the sprout stage, but not whole fruits. Microgreens are usually harvested within the first two weeks of growth and can be grown simply in a container on a windowsill. It turns out that microgreens of vegetables are of great benefit and help not to gain extra pounds. In addition, microgreens form a healthy microflora in the stomach and intestines much more effectively than full-size vegetables.

They began their scientific tests with very young red cabbage cruciferous microgreens, which the researchers began adding regularly to the diet of laboratory mice, whose main diet consisted of high-fat foods.

“It turned out that the microgreens were significantly higher in substances such as glucosinolates, nitrogen- and sulfur-containing compounds that may provide protection against cancer,” says Thomas Wang of the USDA Agricultural Research Service.

The scientists then turned their attention to common cabbage and examined it in the form of microgreens as well.

“We were interested in whether the bioactive components of cabbage microgreens differ from those of a mature vegetable,” says Thomas Wang, “and we found that the nutritional composition is very different.

For example, an immature plant contains about five times more beneficial glucosinolates, which can protect cells from mutation and prevent weight gain, as shown in experiments with laboratory mice on a high-fat diet. Subsequent research has shown that nutrient levels in some other types of cruciferous vegetables are also higher in immature plants in the microgreen stage.

Scientists believe that the help of microgreens in protecting against excess weight and obesity may be partly due to the effect on the microbiome of animals, that is, on the community of bacteria in the intestines.

The researchers found that dietary cabbage, regardless of maturity, increased the diversity of gut bacteria, although this improvement was more pronounced for microgreens. This is important because greater bacterial diversity is associated with better health, the scientists note.

Microgreens may well be a healthy alternative for those who, for example, do not like broccoli, or who are bored with regular cabbage, or may be considered an option during the fall – winter. Cabbage Microgreens are rich in flavor and will fully flourish with the flavor nuances and benefits of any salad.

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Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.

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