The RG correspondent found out where there is so much optimism in the special economic zone.
The secret turned out to be simple. The companies located in Innopolis are national. Therefore, unlike Skolkovo, Tatarstan suffered much less from the current economic situation.
Today, the SEZ includes 336 companies: 123 residents, 55 partners and 158 new companies. This year alone, 66 companies joined, generating 5,268 jobs out of 13.6 thousand existing ones. The actual volume of investments – 73.8 billion rubles, income – 130.3 billion rubles.
Foreign partners accounted for about three percent of all companies, which is about 10 companies.
– Of course, this is a certain loss for our activities. Projects that cooperated with foreign partners also faced many problems, – says Renat Khalimov, General Director of Innopolis SEZ. – Some began to refuse Russian goods or services, there were problems with payments. But many have already found ways to continue cooperation. The development center is located with us, because in Russia there are relatively inexpensive personnel and cool specialists, and the legal part of the company is transferred to another jurisdiction.
According to Khalimov, the Innopolis leadership decided not to rely on foreign capital and Western giants, but instead focused on Russian startups developing domestic IT solutions. As a result, all developments of the last five years turned out to be in demand.
For example, “Infomatika” became the only Russian company – the provider of the electronic access control system for spectators at the last World Cup in Qatar. IVA MCU has developed a “Home Zoom”, with which it was possible to establish communication even with the ISS. HIVE has created a droneport that allows you to control the traffic on the city streets.
Solutions from the company New Cloud Technologies are on the way, which should replace Microsoft Office products. And “Aurora” should become an all-Russian mobile operating system instead of IOS and Android.
Yesterday’s student – a salary of 140 thousand
In the near future, Innopark, the first project in the field of innovative production at the SEZ, will be put into operation. Now the process of concluding contracts is underway, and half of the technopark area has already been filled. Among the tenants are a large manufacturer of unmanned aerial vehicles, the production of equipment for 3D printing houses, which has no analogues in Russia, an industrial robotics center and two electronics assembly plants under the program of import substitution. According to Khalimov’s forecast, there will be no free space in six months.
The Innopolis Industrial Innovation Park “Laishevo” will open in early 2023. It is “sharpened” for the production of motherboards from ICL.
“The software is good, the staff is good, but it takes a lot of strength,” said Roman Shaikhutdinov, Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Tatarstan, curator of the entire project. – Computer boards break down every five or seven years, that is, there will always be a need for them. Like the production of bread.
Naturally, for all this colossus of research and production, personnel are needed. Innopolis University, which celebrated its 10th anniversary, has 1,086 students, a third of whom are foreigners. The university is ranked 12th in the annual Forbes ranking of the best universities in Russia. True, we had to say goodbye to foreign teachers because of the political situation.
– We have never bet on teachers “abroad”, – says the director of the educational institution Kirill Semenikhin. – They are very expensive, and we attracted them only because there were no Russians. Now all hope is placed on the local graduate students.
After the training, everyone must work for a year in Innopolis. Therefore, employment after high school is 100 percent. At the same time, you can see when training is not keeping up with what the market needs.
“If earlier the university persecuted companies, now it is the other way around,” says Kirill Semenikhin. – They ask for more graduates, the most demanded specialty among which is data analysis. Yesterday’s student immediately receives a salary of 140 thousand rubles.
hard working robots
In the youngest city of Russia, which celebrated its seventh anniversary, today 4,474 people live, and taking into account those who come to work every day, 7,601. This is 1,369 people more than in 2021. It is planned that by 2025 there will be about 15 thousand citizens. Today, companies are forced to rent housing in the suburbs of Kazan and organize the relocation of their employees, since all rental housing in the city itself has already ended. It is surprising that apartments can be rented at a single price, there has never been such an experiment in Russia.
The average age of residents is 31 years, every third of them is an IT specialist or scientist, and the average salary is more than 146 thousand rubles. It should be noted that local authorities solve urgent problems of citizens not through public services, but in the general city chat on Telegram. And it happens extremely fast.
In 2018, Innopolis became the first city in Europe and the second in the world where residents can use autonomous vehicles for their daily commutes. Eight cars made 24,000 trips in 2022, and a total of 50,000 trips during his work. The “brains” of the car are still Korean, but in the near future they should be replaced by a domestic counterpart.
Since the end of 2020, food delivery robots from almost every restaurant in the city have been working in Innopolis. In March, two robots began delivering Russian Post parcels. A port of autonomous robotic drones from Hive is also in operation; with their help, they monitor the urban environment and the progress of the construction of the facilities.
taken off the track
To develop unmanned technologies, Innopolis this year took the initiative to create a special experimental legal regime to test UAVs in the city. This will make flying in an urban environment completely autonomous, legal and without the risk of errors due to the human factor. Kirill Semenikhin hopes that the regime will be adopted in 2023, and after that, air delivery will be tested in the city.
A 53-room robotic hotel will go live in the city early next year. Today, visitors simply have nowhere to stay. The robots will populate the guest, as well as clean the corridors and rooms.
– We are starting to take off from the runway, – says Roman Shaikhutdinov. – In order to become a benchmark for our country in the development of technologies, ensuring the independence of imports and training personnel.