In the Omsk region, specialists for the agro-industrial complex are trained not only by the agrarian university, but also by 24 medium-level educational institutions. But modern graduates are free people (distribution times have long been forgotten) and, having received an education at the expense of the state, they scatter in all directions. Leave the region, go to other areas of activity. In particular, in the defense industry, where the need for young recruits is also growing. Units are returning to town. According to the regional Ministry of Agriculture, at the beginning of the field season, there were 16,000 vacant jobs at enterprises of the Omsk region agro-industrial complex.
Large companies are trying to attract specialists with a “long” ruble. But promises to pay a mechanic or tractor driver 200-300 thousand rubles are rare. In this case, we are talking about seasonal work. As soon as the harvest is collected, the combines will have nothing to do in the fields. Jobs with year-round employment suggest a more modest income: 30-50 thousand. And the average salary in the agribusiness complex is one of the lowest in the region.
To protect the village youth, a new financial incentive was introduced this year in the Omsk region. And they provided thirteen million rubles in the regional budget – 2023 for new payments.
– Graduates from specialized universities and colleges who are going to work in the field can count on support. A one-time payment is available for specialists under 35 years of age, employed by agricultural producers in the Omsk region. For postgraduate students with higher education, it will amount to five hundred thousand rubles, with secondary special education – three hundred thousand, regional minister of agriculture and food Nikolai Drofa explained to RG. – You can apply for such support within three years of graduation. Two dozen graduates have already done so and even received money.
There are other incentives in the region for the development of the potential of the staff of the agro-industrial complex. In particular, the budget reimburses the employer for ninety percent of the costs that the company spends on training specific employees and trainees. Subsidies are paid for retraining and advanced training of specialists and workers of mass professions. New rural settlers are returned seventy percent of the costs of construction or acquisition of housing.
The regional employment service, whose branches also operate in rural areas, is also actively involved in recruiting for the industry. Omsk Agrarian University has its own bank of vacancies. Since the beginning of the year, about a hundred ads have been posted here. Farms need engineers, technologists, machine operators, economists, flower growers, veterinarians, and livestock specialists. However, less than half of the companies in the university database offer jobs in the Omsk region. And if an agronomist at a local farm is promised forty thousand rubles, then in Kamchatka – double. So try to keep trained staff in the region.
However, industry veterans believe there is a way out and there is no need to reinvent the wheel.
– It is worth returning the old Soviet system of state distribution of graduates. When young people who received education at the expense of the state had to work for five years in the profile of their specialty in a particular company. And the leaders just needed to create such conditions that the guys wanted to continue working in the village. I myself went this way: from an engineer to the head of a state farm. And over the past three decades, many young specialists have joined our team, who are still faithful to the agriculture of the Omsk region, – labor veteran Mubarak Shugulbaev shared with RG.
Former Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Economics Leonid Kholod, believes that it will be possible to change the situation if conditions are created in the village that meet the needs of the modern generation. And this is not only a living wage, but also transport accessibility, the availability of social facilities, a comfortable environment that makes it interesting for a person to live in the country.
Now, within the framework of state programs for the development of rural areas, there is a movement in that direction. In 2023, 780 million rubles will be allocated to repair roads in 32 districts of the Omsk region, and six more villages will receive money for improvements. But the ideal is still a long way off.
In other regions of Siberia, the situation is not much different. The Altai Territory, the largest agrarian region in Siberia, has long been experiencing a severe shortage of qualified personnel in agriculture. About forty percent of the population lives in rural areas, but it is not easy to find young specialists who are ready to work as machine operators, livestock specialists and milkers.
Altai farmers are sometimes forced to drive modern combines: “I don’t have a highly qualified combine operator, whom I would entrust to manage such expensive equipment, so I have to go to the field myself,” one of the leaders . from the peasant farm complained.
– The shortage of workers today is the most urgent problem in the agro-industrial complex, – is sure Aleksey Gorbik, head of the Altai agricultural enterprise. – For the last four or five years, we have equipped the farms with the most up-to-date equipment. But there is no one to work on these machines. We constantly post announcements about hiring employees; no one is even interested in what the salary and conditions are. Young people just don’t want to go to the countryside.
According to the Minister of Agriculture of the Altai Territory, Sergei Mezhin, the problem must be solved comprehensively, starting with decent wages and ending with comfortable living conditions. Despite the construction of roads, first-aid stations, schools, sports grounds, there are still few villages in the Altai Territory where living conditions can be compared with urban ones. But they still exist. For example, the villages of Bochkari and Druzhba in the Tselinny district. Here, local agricultural enterprises, using state support, have built comfortable houses, a modern outpatient clinic, an ice rink, and several sports complexes. And today there is no turnover in these towns, specialists are ready to come here to live and work.
The regional authorities want to take the experience of Bochkari and Druzhba as a basis for creating agro-cities, rural areas of priority development. In addition, they plan to introduce a rural standard in the region, a certain standard of living to which all settlements should aspire. Provides for the availability of modern engineering and social infrastructure.
Vadim Smagin, head of the Bochkarevsky brewery, AKZS deputy:
– It is necessary that the living conditions in the village are better than in the city, only then will people stay here. First, it is necessary to develop a network of rural vocational training institutions. After all, if young people go to the city to study, most of the time they do not return. Within the framework of the program for the integrated development of rural areas, we are actively building social facilities in Bochkary and other villages. New comfortable homes are also needed. The rural mortgage, of course, works. But if a specialist comes to town with his family, then he has nothing to offer even in a rural mortgage. And if he builds a house, where will he live all this time? It is necessary to expand the comprehensive development program of rural areas and pay more attention to housing construction.