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How to deal with teacher burnout. Scientists are looking for a way – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

Date: May 31, 2023 Time: 10:37:28

There are statistics: teachers are second only to nurses in terms of stress and fatigue. Without exaggeration, teacher burnout can be called one of the problems of the century. According to various experts, about 75 percent of teachers are trying to combat this “disease” today. Lessons, checks, noisy children, demanding parents, and also family and life. There comes a moment when there is simply “no strength”, and the person is on the verge of a nervous breakdown.

Psychologists, coaches and colleagues are trying to help teachers. Young scientists also tackled the problem. What affects teacher status and how can this status be managed? About this, “RG” talks with the winner of the competition for young scientists of the Russian Academy of Education, an analyst at the Center for Socialization, Family and Prevention of Antisocial Behavior of the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of the Alexei Moscow State Pedagogical University. Stavtsev.

Teachers are second only to nurses in terms of stress and fatigue. Today, about 75 percent of teachers are trying to combat this “disease”.

Alexey, you received an award for developing a model of psychological well-being based on the work of Russian masters. How is your well-being?

Alexey Stavtsev: A lot depends on the psychological well-being of a teacher, and, first of all, the effectiveness of his professional activities and, as a result, the effectiveness of training and education. There are many factors associated with the teacher’s personality and his environment, the “work environment” that stimulate the psychological well-being of teachers. And professional burnout prevents this in the first place.

Eight thousand teachers from all over Russia took part in our study, which was conducted by the Moscow State University Pedagogical Center under the direction of Academician of the Russian Academy of Education Artur Rean. It turned out that a sufficient number of teachers have low scores on one criterion or another. And of course, not everyone can constructively cope with a high level of burnout.

But it’s not just teachers who suffer from this, right? Do students feel that the teacher is “flashing” with depression?

Alexey Stavtsev: Of course. A prosperous teacher conveys this well-being, is open to communication, ready to share knowledge and face challenges. Communication “teacher – student” is based on understanding and acceptance, support and motivation.

If a teacher is critically burned, he will not be able to give any of this to a child. The “Pygmalion effect” is known, it is also the “effect of a self-fulfilling prophecy”. At the beginning of the school year, the schoolchildren were randomly divided into two groups: some were conditionally assigned “brilliant”, others – ordinary. During the year, the teachers subconsciously paid more attention to the “bright” teachers, they communicated more actively than with the “ordinary” ones. And at the end of the year, the performance of “accidentally designated geniuses” became higher!

Production? The child needs to be stimulated to complete tasks, to celebrate his successes, even if sometimes in advance, to communicate with him. This motivates you to study better, reduces the fear of making mistakes. This is the so-called effective pedagogical communication, which a person on the verge of exhaustion cannot give.

What is the main cause of professional burnout? Low wage? Bad student behavior? Loading paper?

Alexey Stavtsev: Everything that you have listed really matters. But the salary, oddly enough, is only in third place. Rather, the financial situation is not only the income of the teacher, but also the entire family from him as a whole. As it turned out, the school climate is much more important for the psychological state of the teacher – the relationship of all people in the school: students, administration, parents. Not a burden, not a salary, but a relationship. For us, this is an interesting and largely unexpected result.

How to help the teacher, what qualities to cultivate in oneself so as not to succumb to the “spleen”?

Alexey Stavtsev: There are four qualities that protect against professional burnout and develop the personality of any person and teacher in particular. We call them the Psychological Resilience Quartet. It is curiosity, energy, optimism and gratitude. There is a phenomenon that psychologists call the “learned helplessness effect.” When a person is in a state of discomfort for a long time and there is no way out, he most often gets used to it. And getting into a more comfortable environment, he does not see a “way out” – helplessness is learned. But there are people who can resist this effect. When scientists began to study what helps them in this, these few qualities were discovered that are common to all, including our quartet.

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.
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