And on the night of July 12, a cold snap will penetrate further to the east, in Srednekansky and, possibly, in the Omsukchansky district. Local residents were urged to cover the plants in their dachas and vegetable gardens so as not to be left without a crop. But just a few days ago, the thermometer rose to almost 40 degrees.
As doctors explain, people with chronic diseases of the bronchopulmonary and cardiovascular systems are especially at risk from these sudden changes in temperature. This also applies to those who have problems with the musculoskeletal system: they usually have a feeling of twisting and pain in the muscles.
“The main influencing factor here is cold. During the heat, the vessels expand, heat exchange with the environment is very active. And a cold snap, especially if the temperature drops rapidly, threatens a sharp narrowing of the vessels, mainly on the fingers and toes. Such a sharp cold snap, if it was hot recently, can lead to an exacerbation of chronic diseases, a decrease in human performance. And, of course, increases the risk from colds, “explained Anastasia Bakina, Candidate of Medical Sciences, General Practitioner, Assistant at the Department of Faculty and Polyclinic Therapy of the Amur State Medical Academy.
According to her, any person, even absolutely healthy, is recommended to adjust the temperature and humidity in the apartment, bringing them to normal values.
Leaving the house, it is better not to immediately run into the cold, but if possible, stand in the stairwell a little, giving the body time to adjust to the average temperature between the apartment and the street. Clothing should be chosen in accordance with the weather, but at the same time sufficiently breathable. Anastasia Bakina does not recommend giving preference to synthetics.
With such temperature fluctuations as in Kolyma, the doctor also strongly recommends that you minimize the consumption of alcohol, fatty foods, giving preference to vegetables, fruits and cereals. For those who are currently taking any medication, it is better not to interrupt the course. If you feel worse, you should see a doctor, you should not make changes to your treatment yourself.
Vladimir Oleksik, senior professor at the Department of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine at the Amur Medical Academy, recommends that everyone, including healthy people, get more rest and sleep during cold spells. “But this does not mean that you should wrap yourself in a blanket and sit at home. However, moderate physical activity (for example, walking in the fresh air) is necessary.”
“Such a change in the weather can lead to a deterioration in mood, because in July we expect sunny heat,” warns Vladimir Oleksik. “Therefore, you need to ensure a good psychological microclimate in the family and at work. charge with positive and good emotions.”
Of course, snow in the summer in Kolyma is a common thing. “But we have not yet had time to lose it. Moreover, frosts have passed somewhere with snow,” said the Kolyma Department of Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring.