The oilseed crop is also expected to be a record. The sugar beet, soybean, rapeseed, potato, vegetable and fruit harvests turned out to be higher than last year. There is an increase in milk and meat. Except for milk and fruits, everything else in Russia is abundant. Therefore, we need about 80 million tons of cereals for domestic consumption. And the proportion of self-sufficiency in individual oil and fat products reaches 300%.
This year, the farmers were lucky with the weather: it failed at the end, when the late crops were harvested. But the Ministry of Agriculture is confident that the main reason for such indicators is a great technological advance that the national agro-industrial complex has achieved in recent years. Only he “guarantees stable harvests and makes possible the systematic growth of indicators,” Agriculture Minister Dmitry Patrushev recently said.
If in 2018 39 kg per hectare of mineral fertilizers were applied, in 2022 this figure has already reached 60 kg per hectare. Power supply increased by 5.8 million horsepower. The area treated with phytosanitary products increased by 11% (or more than 10 million hectares). All this made it possible to receive more returns from the land. Thus, cereal yields have increased from 25 to 34 cents per hectare in five years.
Infographic “RG” / Alexander Chistov / Tatyana Karabut