Now in Russia a two-stream system has been adopted, that is, in the yards of most regions there are two tanks: for recyclables and for mixed waste. As previously reported by the Russian Environmental Operator (REO), the organic content in waste can be as high as 35%, and around 300 composting sites have already been created in the country. Fertilizers and feed additives are made from organic waste.
“When we have two tanks installed, the organic matter is mixed with other waste. And even after sorting, there are impurities that cannot be obtained. And if we want to get good products to process, then it is recommended that we collect organics.” separate matter. If this is supported (regulatory operators – ed.), We will insist that this be included in the REO PPK standards, taken into account when setting the price and when creating new plants, “Kogan told Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
If we start composting the entire organic fraction of waste separately, then 30-40% less waste will go to landfills and there will be much less odors, landfill gases, leachates, Denis Butsaev, CEO of REO, told Rossiyskaya. gazette. In addition, according to him, it will reduce the impact of landfills on the environment.
“It is necessary to work with organic matter and collect it separately. But first of all, it is necessary to determine in the legislation who and how is engaged in this activity, it is necessary to regulate who and how will do it. The collection of organic matter and its composting is a necessary measure of the Federal with RSU. Without composting the organic fraction of the waste, it will be impossible to meet the indicators of the federal project,” Butsaev said.
The head of the “Clean Country” Ruslan Gubaidullin believes that the containers are only the tip of the iceberg. If you enter another additionally, additional costs will be required for transportation, for garbage trucks.
“The increase in costs can be about two times, but you need to consider it. Several subjects can think about this topic, but in several regions we do not even have the first tank,” Gubaidullin told RG.
According to him, now organic waste in Russia is a low-quality raw material.
“If we manage to organize a constant flow of good raw materials with the help of separate tanks, then this becomes an attractive investment story, but export, site construction, work with the population, separate tanks are still big expenses. But we will definitely come to this, hopefully by 2030,” Gubaidullin said.
EcoLine Group Deputy General Director Elena Vishnyakova told RG that the company is already sending incoming organic matter to composting stores, as a result, it becomes raw material for techno-soil.
“I would like to introduce incentive measures to recognize techno-soil as a product. We are getting a stable product, we have all the state expertise on the technology, but lie and wait when it may be necessary. There is no support system to process half of the waste stream,” says Vishnyakova.
She believes that it is first necessary to understand who will pay for the organization of work with the third stream and what kind of work will be done with the population. In other countries, for example, in Canada, food waste is taken out on Thursdays and people must store their organics in the freezer so that it does not flow, does not decompose and does not harm the life of the operator’s employees. We have not yet agreed with the population whether they can rinse recyclables before delivery, but here it is necessary to store organic matter in the freezer and spend kilowatts on it, Vishnyakova noted.
In St. Petersburg, the Nevsky Ecological Operator is already installing additional tanks, but not for organic matter, but for glass or waste paper. The decision to install them is made in conjunction with the city authorities and at the request of residents, but despite this, people throw other garbage into these special containers, says General Director Ekaterina Gorshkova. According to her, the main task with the introduction of the mandatory third tank for organic waste is to get people to use it for its intended purpose.