The length of the working week is a question that does not give rest to Russian officials and public figures. In recent years, the idea of reducing the number of working days to four and giving Russians an extra day of rest has been actively discussed.
Photo: Svetlana MAKOVEEVA
“They should take Mondays and cancel!” – the hero of Andrei Mironov sang about the inhabitants of the Unlucky Island. The idea, by the way, is quite successful, we thought that our readers would support it with a majority of votes. But alas, the Russians were offered to cancel not on Monday, but on Sunday. Or on Saturdays, although that doesn’t make it any easier.
DECREASE CANNOT INCREASE
The length of the working week is a question that does not give rest to Russian officials and public figures. In recent years, the idea of reducing the number of working days to four and giving Russians an extra day of rest has been actively discussed. In particular, Dmitry Medvedev, the Federation of Independent Trade Unions, the State Duma and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation spoke on this issue. According to opinion polls, the majority of Russians support this initiative, and some organizations have already carried out successful experiments (see “Will Russia introduce a four-day work week with three days off? Experiments are already underway”). There are not and cannot be contradictions with the current legislation here; after all, the Labor Code of the Russian Federation establishes the maximum length of the working week, which should not be more than 40 hours. But any organization has the right to reduce the number of days or hours of work.
Therefore, the recent initiative by Avanti, an association for the development of corporate patriotism in Russia, aimed at increasing rather than shortening the working week to six days, runs counter to recent proposals. This idea was expressed by the president of the organization, Rakhman Yansukov, in a speech to the head of the Ministry of Labor, Anton Kotyakov. According to the public figure, an increase in the working week will increase the strength of the Russian economy in the face of sanctions and help achieve technological and industrial breakthrough.
In Avanti, among other things, they refer to the experience of other countries: “According to a study by the international labor organization, the working week in Thailand can reach 84 hours, in the Seychelles 74, in Singapore at 60 hours”. At the end of the appeal, Labor Minister Anton Kotyakov is asked to “assess the possibility of introducing a mandatory 6-day working week in Russia until the completion of the Special Military Operation and overcome the consequences of the impact of sanctions.”
IN RUSSIA AND SO MUCH WORK
The reaction of the Ministry of Labor to this proposal has not yet followed, and the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia (FNPR) does not consider this initiative justified.
“Already now, within the framework of current legislation, a four, five or six-day working week can be established at a particular enterprise,” Alexander Shershukov, deputy head of the FNPR, recalled on the air of Komsomolskaya Pravda radio. – But the number of available working hours (which cannot exceed 40 hours a week – Ed.) must be divided by this number of working days. In my opinion, this is a completely far-fetched conversation. If the idea of employers is to increase the number of working hours during the week, then there is already the possibility of introducing overtime. Another thing is that they have to pay for them in sizes one and a half and double. And they are limited in our legislation to 120 hours a year. And if we talk in principle about the working time that a Russian worker produces, then now we are in the top ten countries in the world in terms of the number of working hours. The problem with labor productivity in our country is not that people do not work hard enough. And the fact that production is not automated and entrepreneurs and owners use outdated management models.
According to a Komsomolskaya Pravda poll, more than 80% of readers do not support the idea of the general introduction of the six-day period, which, in general, did not surprise us at all (see “People say ”). so serious are the consequences of the initiative of the association of “corporate patriots”? In the near future, we can hardly expect real steps towards increasing the working week.According to Alexander Shershukov, the social partners of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia are authoritative organizations such as Delovaya Rossiya and the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, from which no such proposals have been received.But the vice-president of the FNPR first learned of the existence of the Avanti association precisely thanks to an appeal to the Ministry And how can we not remember the old joke that any mention, even a negative one, in the press, except an obituary, is an advertisement.
How do you like the idea of introducing a six-day working week in Russia?
I am here for five days, I need to dedicate time to my family – 38.5%
Such measures are relevant to defense companies: 17.9%
They liked the idea of a four-day program more – 16.7%
I agree, if the salary grows – 7.4%
I am against it, it will negatively affect performance: 6.3%
I already work six days – 5.8%
I am willing to work more for the good of the country – 4.8%
Russia is already coping well with sanctions: 2.6%
The survey was conducted on the social networks of Komsomolskaya Pravda, 9.9 thousand people took part in the survey.