The rise in prices in recent months – this Thursday the advance data for the CPI corresponding to March is published – is modifying the weight and composition of the Spanish shopping basket. Some trends that a study prepared by Kantar for the Ministry of Agriculture has put black on white and that has been exposed during the meeting of the Observatory of the Food Chain held this Wednesday. Specifically, this analysis detects a lower weight of meat, fish, fruit and vegetables.
Specifically, the decline in products so affected in this inflationary context such as meat that has gone from 7 kilos consumed in the shopping basket to 6.7 kg in 2021 stands out. While, in the case of fish, the decline has been from 3.55 to 3.29 kg in 2022 kg the following year. Fresh fruits, whose intake goes from 14.36 to 13.83 kg in 2022, 77 liters, also decrease. Potatoes also fell, which in 2021 ate 4.57 kg two years ago, reducing to 4.53 kg in 2022.
although they may seem small amounts, if we take into account almost all of last year and they continue to be so in the first months of 2023.
On the contrary, liquid milk, dairy products, pasta and drinks such as beers, as well as soft drinks and soft drinks, have seen their weight. For example, the consumption of liquid milk rose slightly to 11.21 liters in 2022 compared to 11.02 liters the previous year, despite the sharp rise in prices experienced. Dairy derivatives add weight and 5.61 kg are already consumed last year compared to 5.51 kg in 2021. In the case of soft drinks and soft drinks, these have gone from representing 6.13 to 6.32 liters. A relevant case is that of prepared dishes that have increased from 2.62 kg in 2021 to 2.81 kg the following year.
New studies by products and some unknowns
This study was one of the two reports presented during the meeting of the Food Chain Observatory, which brings together representatives of the entire value chain from primary producers (farmers and ranchers) to distribution (retailers, department stores… ) going through the processing industry within the framework of the Law that governs its operation. According to what ‘La Información’ has been able to learn from sources present at the meeting, the Ministry has not given a clear response to the proposal of agrarian organizations such as Asaja for a production cost observatory, nor has it anticipated what will happen with the preparation of production indices. price reference. Something that contemplates the Law of the Chain.
At the same meeting, its top manager and general director of the Food Industry of the Ministry of Agriculture, José Miguel Herrero, announced that this body will update itself on the so-called value chain reports committed to the main agricultural organizations. On the other hand, the reports of extra virgin olive oil and packaged liquid milk will be updated. In addition, new analyzes will be carried out for peach and nectarine, potatoes, tomato, citrus and honey.