Professor Safonov called low wages the main reason for the prosecution of Russians.
Photo: Svetlana MAKOVEEVA
Most of the time, vendors, teachers, and doctors complain about big overtime. And in total, 56% of Russians are late for work and work almost a third more than it should be under the terms of the employment contract. These results were obtained by researchers from the high-paying job search portal SuperJob.
It turns out that if a typical workday lasts 8 hours, for more than half of the workers it lasts almost 2 and a half hours longer! However, since Soviet times, it has been practiced among teachers and health workers to take another quarter or half of the fee in addition to the main one. But if all workers are now paid for overtime work – the study says nothing. “We are talking about processing in general,” SuperJob explained to kp.ru.
The duration of the processing this year has increased slightly compared to the previous one: 31% compared to 28% of the working day. But the number of people putting in more than half of their working hours has increased significantly: from 10% in 2022 and 2021 to 14% in 2023. Only a third of Russians do not experience overtime. And another interesting point: the higher the salary, the less overtime.
What are the reasons for so much work?
– Let’s start with the fact that our country is one of the countries with the most workers in the world, – Alexander Safonov, a professor at the Financial University of the Government of the Russian Federation, told kp.ru. – We have always been among the top five countries with the most working hours. In a year, a Russian works 600 hours more than, for example, a German.
Why is this happening? The expert identified three reasons.
“The main reason for overwork is low wages,” Safonov said. – To earn more money, people agree to do extra work. And the employer thus saves on personnel.
This is also confirmed by research. Among those who spend more time at work than expected are teachers, educators, nurses, secretaries, pharmacists, salespeople, that is, people with low salaries.
For the sake of money, pieceworkers, for example purchasing managers, are also prosecuted.
“The second reason for overtime is staff shortages,” Safonov continued. – In particular, there are not enough doctors; because of this, existing specialists are forced to work more.
And the third factor, according to the scientist, is the poor organization of work.
– Unfortunately, since the times of the Soviet Union, the availability of cheap labor has led to its irrational use. Safonov says. – But now the situation with labor productivity is improving, although not in all industries. First of all, it grows where companies find the opportunity to invest in the scientific organization of work, as well as in companies involved in the national project “Labor Productivity”.
However, in general, the processing will not decrease. And that’s why.
– First of all, we have a growing shortage of personnel, – said Safonov. – And the second – the fall in previous years in the real income of the population causes a desire to compensate them – for which people will agree to work.
The study involved 3,000 employed representatives of the economically active population from all districts of the country.
TOP-5 Who works more than expected
Profession / Average overtime working hours in percentage
doctor – 42%
Educator – 41%
Marketer – 40%
Teacher – 38%
Logistics Manager – 37%
43% of Russians are late for work during their free time
At the same time, almost half of those surveyed are against said labor regime (more details)