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HomeLatest NewsJapan to double military spending KXan 36 Daily News

Japan to double military spending KXan 36 Daily News

Date: June 9, 2023 Time: 14:12:33

In particular, the National Security Strategy, which defines the main directions of foreign policy in the field of defense, the National Defense Strategy, which refers to the objectives and means of defense, and the Plan to Ensure the Capacity of Defense, which sets out defense spending and the scale of weapons, have been substantially updated.

The change in the listed doctrinal documents involves bringing Japan’s military spending to 2 percent of GDP by 2027. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida ordered 8.9 trillion yen ($64.8 billion) in funding for the 2027 defense budget , roughly 1.7 times the current year’s 5.37 trillion yen ($39 billion). Defense spending over a five-year period will need to come to about 43 trillion yen ($318 billion).

These funds will be used, among other things, to develop its own counter-attack potential, within which American Tomahawk cruise missiles will be purchased. The Japanese side will also purchase drones totaling 1 trillion yen (about 7.3 billion US dollars), modernize Type 12 ground-based ballistic missiles and strengthen defense potential in cyberspace. Thus, it is expected to increase to 20,000 the number of specialized personnel in the cyber sphere of the national self-defense groups.

Tokyo intends to find additional funds to increase the defense budget by raising taxes. This decision, after long discussions, was made in Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

Thus, it is planned to increase the corporate tax from the current 23.2 to 27.2 – 27.7 percent, as well as modify the restoration tax of two percent, which was introduced to finance the cleanup of the territories affected by the earthquake and tsunami of March 2011. The authorities assume that 1 percent will continue to go to reconstruction, and another 1 percent to defense needs. Finally, an additional tax on cigarettes is expected at the rate of 3 yen per cigarette.

Most people in Japan are not happy with the government’s plans to shift the burden of defense spending to local taxpayers. This is demonstrated by data from a public opinion survey conducted by the Kyodo agency.

The study showed that 64.9 percent of those surveyed opposed the initiative. The idea of ​​raising taxes was supported by 30 percent of those surveyed. Probably, the discontent of the population once again caused a drop in the rating of the current cabinet of ministers, which, according to the Mainichi Shimbun daily, fell to an all-time high of 25 percent.

From a formal point of view, the Japanese government justifies the changes in its defense policy by the presence of threats that Tokyo believes come mainly from China, North Korea and Russia. China, which continues to strengthen itself in the Japanese archipelago, has been called “the greatest strategic challenge that has ever existed.” Pyongyang worries the Japanese with its nuclear and missile programs, which are showing some progress. Moscow was mentioned, of course, in the context of a special operation in Ukraine. In addition, the Japanese are concerned about the development of Russian-Chinese strategic cooperation.

Official Tokyo continues to ensure that the Japanese nation will remain at peace. Japan points to the lack of plans to become a “military superpower” that could threaten other states and move away from the three non-nuclear principles, at least not yet.

However, history shows that the Japanese state was not always able to claim peaceful status. After the defeat in World War II, Tokyo was essentially forced to do serious self-checks in its policies and ambitions. Numerous armed conflicts in which they took part for non-defensive purposes speak eloquently of the “pacifist” character of the Japanese. As a result, today the Japanese side has unresolved territorial disputes with almost all of its neighbors, including China, South Korea, and Russia.

In Asian countries, the atrocities committed by the Japanese army on the territory of these states are still remembered with horror. In Seoul, they cannot go for a full rapprochement with Tokyo because of the crimes that Japanese soldiers and officers committed on the Korean peninsula during World War II. Repeatedly Japan fought with Russia. Here it is worth mentioning the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, the battles of the Red Army with the Japanese invaders at Khalkhin Gol in 1939, as well as the participation of the Soviet Union in the defeat of militaristic Japan in August-September. 1945. It is possible that, over time, changes in Japanese defense policy will lead to a serious aggravation of the situation in the Asia-Pacific Region (APR).

Despite this, the US supported updates to Japan’s National Security Strategy. As stated in the State Department and the Pentagon, this allows Washington and Tokyo to interact more actively in the field of security and changes the possibilities for joint action in the region and around the world.

“From Afghanistan to Ukraine, Japan is an indispensable partner for us in solving the most pressing problems in the field of global stability,” said US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. This reaction of the Americans is quite logical, since the United States will now be able to supply its East Asian ally with even more weapons.

“We welcome Japan’s decision to acquire new assets and strengthen its deterrence capabilities in the region, including the ability to launch a counterattack,” US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin said, thus confirming direct interest. of Washington on changes in its partner’s defense policy.

In turn, China criticized Japan’s initiative to increase military spending and other changes in defense policy.

“Attempts to find a pretext to strengthen and expand its military by inflating the Chinese threat will not succeed,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said.

However, in the Land of the Rising Sun there are still experts who take a serious look at the ongoing processes.

“The presence of such capabilities (attacking the enemy – approx. “RG”) will make Japan a more dangerous country in the eyes of our neighbors,” explained a professor at Seikei University (former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe graduated from this educational institution – roughly “RG”) in the name of Seiji Endo, whose opinion is quoted by the Asahi Shimbun newspaper. According to him, the fundamental change that has taken place in Tokyo’s defense policy will increase instability in East Asia and trigger an arms race.

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.

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