The presented “road map” analyzes the main problems hindering the implementation of the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 878 “On measures to stimulate the production of radio-electronic products in the Russian Federation when purchasing goods, works, services to satisfy the state and municipal needs.” It also presents specific proposals for regulatory legal acts, the adoption of which will allow monitoring compliance with the regime regarding the contracting of LED lighting equipment.
Among the detailed proposals in the “roadmap” is mentioned the need for each procurement participant, when submitting an application, to indicate the entry number of the REP (Russian Radio-Electronic Products) register to confirm the production of products in the Russian Federation. It is also proposed to submit documents proving that the LEDs declared by the manufacturers were purchased or produced on the territory of the EAEU countries in the quantity necessary to assemble the volume of lighting equipment specified during the purchase. Separately, liability for non-compliance with these requirements is prescribed.
Evgeny Ilyichev, Director of the Department of Certification Methodological Support at the Russian Federation Chamber of Commerce and Industry, agrees that the problems described in the APSS roadmap exist.
“The responsibility for the conformity of the goods supplied after the results of the bidding rests with the buyer and supplier, who may, intentionally or not, due to lack of necessary skills, use products that do not meet the criteria of national industrial products. Even in final products that have received a minutes examination by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, components other than those with which the device passed the examination at the regional chamber may be used.
The head of the department believes that the association of manufacturers of lighting equipment, as the main interest in the existence of equal competition in the market, indicates very real problems.
“Indeed, signals are coming about the presence of counterfeit goods on the domestic market,” supports this opinion Maxim Tretyakov, a member of the Expert Council of the Industry Committee of the all-Russian public organization Opora Rossii. is published daily in the public procurement system and each one is checked for compliance with the same national treatment requirements, the regulator simply doesn’t get the chance.”
The task of monitoring public purchases was in charge of the APSS, however, to strengthen the control of infractions in public purchases, it is necessary to expand the toolbox with the proposals of the roadmap. Among the most common violations identified in the course of this monitoring are the absence of registration entry numbers of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation; absence of products in the register of Russian radio electronic products; misuse of registry entries posted on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia. As a result, auction winners are sometimes recognized as entrants whose bids do not meet the auction documentation requirements.
Opora added that the desire of producers to protect their investments is understandable and should be supported. Only in the period from 2020 to 2021, the large-scale production of LEDs in Russia was launched. PK Klever invested more than 350 million rubles in the new line. The line was launched in cooperation with Rosnano. The production capacity of the line launched by GS Group in June 2021 amounted to 145 million LEDs per year, with a subsequent expansion to 400 million per year. The holding has invested more than 300 million rubles in the project. On August 26 last year, the RuSID company launched the production of LEDs at the Armavir site.
The department of the radio electronics industry of the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade confirmed that the department is in constant dialogue with the companies to find effective mechanisms to solve the problem. Currently, the APSS, together with representatives of the National Center for Scientific Competence in matters of combating the illegal circulation of industrial products under the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, is working on a methodology for the timely detection of counterfeit products at the stage for submitting applications on the public procurement website. Regarding violators, they plan to apply stricter measures than before.
Over the past six months, APSS has monitored 314 state purchases of LED equipment totaling 13.5 billion rubles. Contracts with violations identified by the association were later terminated. According to industry representatives, the volume of counterfeit products in public procurement can reach 50%, that is, we are talking about about 5 billion rubles withdrawn abroad.