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Memo “RG”: What you should know when firing and contacting the employment service

How do you know if you have been wrongfully terminated?

who can’t be fired

– Pregnant women.

– Single mothers.

Examples of illegal dismissals

Often, a pretext for dismissal “under the article” can be absenteeism without good reason, for which a reprimand was then announced, and then the employment relationship was terminated. This is practiced by some bosses to get rid of objectionable subordinates.

An employer terminates an employee for breach of discipline without first imposing lesser disciplinary sanctions, which may be a warning or reprimand.

The employer forced to write a letter of resignation by fraudulent methods, when the employee did not have the desire to resign on his own.

The dismissal of the employee took place during his stay on sick leave (such dismissal is legal only when the company is liquidated).

Where to complain?

If the employee does not agree to the dismissal, he must submit an application to the State Labor Inspectorate (GIT). Now it will be accepted even in electronic form, he will not have to go anywhere and cross the thresholds. The GIT can consider not only illegal dismissals, but also disputes about non-compliance with the dismissal procedure itself or the incorrect drawing up of a dismissal order.

What if it didn’t help?

In general, the intervention of labor inspectors is sufficient to resolve many conflict situations. However, not always. And if the response from the labor inspectorate does not suit the person, the next step is to go to court. This must be done no later than one month after the date specified in the dismissal order (Article 392 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

The lawsuit must state why the worker considers his or her dismissal to be illegal.

Citizens of Russia in the CIS countries have the right to emergency medical care.

This was announced by a medical lawyer, founder of the Yulia Kazantseva School of Medical Law. “If citizens of the Russian Federation are on the territory of the CIS member countries (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan), emergency and emergency medical care in case of acute conditions sudden and life-threatening diseases of the patient or the health of others, accidents, poisoning, injuries, childbirth and emergency conditions during pregnancy is provided to citizens freely, free of charge and in full on the territory of the state of temporary residence by medical and preventive institutions, regardless of organizational and legal forms, departmental affiliation and forms of their ownership, – explained Yulia Kazantseva.- From the moment the threat to the life of the patient or the health of others is eliminated and transportation is possible, medical care is continued provided on a paid basis.

“In order to receive medical assistance (including medical evacuation on the territory of a foreign state and from a foreign state to the Russian Federation) and (or) payment for the return of his body (remains) to the Russian Federation abroad, a citizen of the Russian Federation must have a number of documents, “says Kazantseva: a contract for the provision of medical services; a voluntary insurance contract (an insurance policy that you bought from an insurance company on departure), stipulating the payment and ( or) reimbursement of expenses for the payment of medical care outside the territory of the Russian Federation, other valid documents for receiving medical care outside the territory of the Russian Federation.

In the absence of these documents, the cost of providing medical care is borne by the citizen of the Russian Federation.

When is the best time to take a vacation?

Important to remember:

– when calculating the average income, payments for the previous 12 months are taken into account, except for sick leave, business trips and financial assistance;

– vacation days are paid, but holidays are not;

– but if the holiday falls on a vacation period, then you will rest for one more day.

The more vacations in a month, the less profitable it is to take a vacation. Photo: Getty Images

How to register with the employment service and start receiving benefits

Where to apply?

You can contact the work center. And you can do it remotely through the Jobs in Russia portal.

What assignment can you expect?

If a person has not previously worked or has worked less than 6 months in the last year, the allowance will be assigned for 3 months (the maximum monthly payment is 12,792 rubles).

If a person has worked for more than 6 months during the last year, the allowance will be paid for six months (the maximum monthly payment in the first 3 months is 12,792 rubles, and after that – 5,000 rubles).

Early retirees, those with 5 years remaining before retirement age, can receive benefits for up to 12 months. The maximum monthly payment is 12,792 rubles.

How are vacancies selected?

The so-called career advisers work in modern employment centers. Now they are ready to help not only the unemployed, but also those who are at risk of being laid off: they will help with the skills assessment and compile a resume, organize retraining, advise on moving to another region and provide other assistance.

Infographic “RG”


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