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On June 22, 1941, Soviet border guards were the first to take the fight to Germany – Rodina

Date: July 17, 2024 Time: 16:10:22

Moldova border district

Border troops combat reporting diary.

At 04:15 a message was received from Chisinau that machine gun fire had been fired from the Romanian side in the direction of outposts 5, 11 and 12 of the Baltic border detachment. Communication with the border detachment itself has been interrupted.

At 09:15 a message came from Chisinau that in the sections of the 1st and 2nd border posts of the Lipcani border detachment the Germans had crossed the state border. The outposts entered into battle. The facilities at Post 14 were destroyed by artillery fire. The fourth outpost of the Baltic border detachment is surrounded. Enemy planes bomb and bomb outposts. Our planes shot down two enemy aircraft in a dogfight over Balti.

At 13:35 a message arrived from Chisinau that the attack on the fourth outpost of the Baltic border detachment had been repulsed and that a wounded German officer had been captured. A regiment with armored vehicles on the Romanian side was concentrated against the 8th outpost and the 2nd command post and three tanks were searched.

At 22:00 it was reported from Simferopol that about 100 people had landed in the Tatarka area, southwest of Odessa.

At 22:45 a message came from Chisinau that in order to receive the language of the 5th department of the Izmail border detachment, a group of militants with their sergeants was organized, who at 18:00 handed over seven Romanian soldiers and one sergeant to Our side.

At 22:50 a message came from Chisinau from the Lipcan border detachment that the enemy had been repulsed and that there were no enemies in the entire area of ​​​​our territory.

Ukrainian border district

Border troops combat reporting diary.

At 04:50 on June 22, 1941, a recording of a conversation between the chief of staff of the border troops of the Ukrainian district and the operational duty officer of the Main Directorate of Border Troops of the USSR appeared: “Colonel Rohatin is in the After the artillery bombardment, the Germans went on the offensive in the sector of the Chernivtsi border detachment, the attack was repulsed, in other areas there is artillery and machine gun fire.”

At 07:55 a message came from Lvov about the withdrawal of the four outposts of the Parkhach commander’s office of the Russian-Rava border detachment, there were deaths and injuries. There is still no support from the Red Army. The 26th and 28th outposts of the Chernivtsi border detachment are surrounded. At the place of the office of the first commander of the Vladimir-Volynsky border detachment, the Germans crossed the border, the soldiers wore Red Army coats with infantry buttonholes.

Border guards of the 9th outpost of the 91st Russian-Rava border detachment. 1940 Photo: Pereslavl-Zalessky Museum-Reserve

At 08:50 a message came from Lvov that the 12th post was withdrawing to battle in the area of ​​​​the Vladimir-Volyn border detachment. In the section of the Russian-Rava border detachment, outposts 1, 3 and 4 are fighting, outpost 2 has retreated to the commander’s headquarters and is fighting, outposts 9, 10, 14 and 16 are surrounded and fighting.

At 13:35 a message came from Lvov that the enemy had occupied Ugnów, Gluchów, Wola-Gluchowska. According to inaccurate data, the 4th and 6th outposts of the Vladimir-Volynsky border detachment were destroyed. The 2nd and 4th outposts of the Russian-Rava border detachment are withdrawing. Contact was lost with outposts 11, 12, 13 and with the headquarters of the 4th commander’s office. A locomotive with a group of fighters was sent to communicate with the commander’s headquarters. Przemysl Border Detachment: At 07:57, 16 German soldiers crossed a ford in the area of ​​border post 5/153 and entered the town. The search for those who managed to break through is underway. In the area of ​​​​the Lyuboml border detachment, the border continues to be held.

At 14:40: “Colonel Rogatin is on the aircraft. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd outposts of the Russian-Rava border detachment are withdrawing in battle. Communication with the border detachments has been lost Lyuboml and Vladimir-Volynsky”.

At 18:45 a message came from Lvov that the Germans were firing on the village of Verkhrata, the infantry was moving in columns, and five paratroopers had been dropped on Voloska. On the western side of the village of Selets, a German battalion supplies weapons to the local population. German patrols reached the railway in the Gorinets area.

At 24:00 a message arrived from Lvov that the situation in the area of ​​​​the Lyuboml border detachment was difficult; 400 enemy cyclists were operating in the Gushcha area. In the area of ​​​​the Vladimir-Volynsky border detachment, the enemy threw troops. At 20:30 about 30 tanks were advancing towards Dubnuv, the same number of tanks were observed in Rodovichi. In the sector of the Rava-Russky border detachment, the enemy occupied Ozerchiki, Lyubachuv, Krulevska, Dokhnuv, and a parachute landing of 150 people was launched in the Wulce area. Enemy tanks were detected in the Rava-Russkaya area.

Belarus border district

Border troops combat reporting diary.

At 06:40 a message came from Bialystok that the enemy had crossed the border in all areas, in some places it had gone as deep as four kilometers. Communication is carried out only through civilian channels, military communications are interrupted. Outposts 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 13 were established at the Kretinga border detachment. At the Lomza border detachment the Germans took some outposts.

At 10:05 a message came from Bialystok that after an hour-long artillery bombardment, the enemy had gone on the offensive along the entire front at 05:00. Tanks appeared.

At 15:15 a message came from Bialystok that the Germans had occupied Koltso, Konty and Khludke. The commander’s offices withdraw from the fighting. As of 09:30, the Red Army units had not come into contact with the enemy.

Baltic border district

Border troops combat reporting diary.

At 06:00 a message came from Tallinn that at 04:20 six German planes appeared over the Libau airfield, from where they could be seen firing tracer bullets and dropping small luminous parachutes.

At 12:00 a message comes from Tallinn that outposts 24 and 25 of the Libau border detachment are leaving. The Germans, consisting of two battalions, are infiltrating towards the north. There is no support for Red Army units.

Summary of June 22, 1941. Photo: RÍO

At 13:18 a message arrived from Tallinn that the Taurage border detachment was fighting and had withdrawn beyond the Taurage line. The Mariampol border detachment fights on the state border.

There is a message from Tallinn that at 17:00 the chief of staff of the Libau border detachment, Major Chernikov, had gathered the remains of the retreating outposts in the number of only 148 people and a construction company of the Red Army of up to 300 people and took charge of the defense on the southern approaches to Rutsava. The reconnaissance sent under the command of Sergeant Ponomarenko destroyed the enemy reconnaissance on six motorcycles.

From the reports of June 22, 1941 alone, it is difficult to reconstruct the complete picture of the fighting on the border. Furthermore, they are abrupt, sometimes unconfirmed. But little by little historians partially filled these gaps. For example, it is known that the fighters of the Izmail border detachment held the border for 11 days. Together with units of the Red Army, they attacked the enemy and captured their positions. They took trophies: 154 pistols, 500 rifles and other weapons. During this counteroffensive in June 1941, the Romanian town of Old Chilia was captured and more than 600 enemy soldiers and officers were captured.

The Liskovsky border detachment left the border only on June 27, the Skolensky border detachment left its positions on July 1, and the Nadvornensky border detachment withdrew on June 30. Everyone followed the command’s orders. On June 23, a group of border guards under the command of Lieutenant Polivoda expelled the enemy from Przemysl, who was captured on the first day of the war, and held him until June 27.

Brest Border Detachment

Almost no documents have survived about the actions of the Brest border detachment in the first days of the war. Only the memories of the soldiers and commanders remained. In June 1941, the Brest border detachment included five commander’s offices and 20 outposts. The headquarters were in Brest.

At 04:00 on June 21, 1941, communication with the border detachment was interrupted. Headquarters personnel, together with NKVD and police officers, took up defensive positions on the northeastern outskirts of the city, where they held out for several hours. However, unable to withstand enemy pressure and receiving no support, our border guards were forced to retreat.

The inscription on the wall of the casemate in the northwestern part of the Brest Fortress. Photo: RIA Novosti/Lev Polikashin

Outpost 1 was surrounded in the first hours of the war. Of the 52 border guards, on the afternoon of June 22, 13 people were still alive, almost all of them seriously injured.

Outpost 2 was almost surrounded by noon, but continued fighting. At 18:00, having received the order to withdraw, the soldiers withdrew.

Outpost 3 repelled several enemy attacks, despite enormous German superiority in manpower and equipment.

Outpost 4 was surrounded at five in the morning on June 22. Some border guards managed to break through, but almost all of them were captured by the Germans. After the battle, local residents picked up the three-month-old daughter and two-year-old son of the head of the outpost, Tikhonov.

The 5th outpost fought alongside the 2nd commander; At night they withdrew under enemy pressure.

Outpost 6 fought the Germans until 17:00 on 22 June and then withdrew as ordered.

Outpost 7 fought until 2:00 p.m., then, to avoid encirclement, it was decided to withdraw.

Outpost 8 came under intense artillery fire, heavy machine guns were lost, the Germans began to encircle and at 11:00 the border guards withdrew to prevent it.

The ninth outpost was located in the Brest Fortress at the Terespol Gate. Border guards fought alongside Red Army units. On June 23, the building where the border guards were located was blown up. A German battle report said: “The moans of the wounded Russians could be heard, but they continued to fire.”

P. Krivonogov, “Defenders of the Brest Fortress.” 1951 Photo: wikipedia.org

Outpost 10, after the battle with the Germans, began to retreat, avoiding encirclement.

The 11th outpost, by order of the commander, at 09:00 began to withdraw to join forces with the Red Army.

The 12th post at 07:00 received reinforcements in the form of an infantry battalion and three guns. The border guards, having lost one dead during the day, fought until 8:00 p.m. and then, following orders, moved to the headquarters of the border detachment.

Outpost 13 was almost completely destroyed on the morning of June 22.

Outpost 14: no information.

The 15th Outpost fought until noon and then withdrew as ordered.

The 16th Outpost fought until 09:00, then, under pressure from superior enemy forces, withdrew by order.

The 17th outpost fought until 13:00, then the border guards withdrew as ordered.

Outpost 18 also fought with the enemy all morning, but receiving no support was forced to withdraw.

The 19th Outpost withdrew all day on June 22 with fighting, holding back the enemy.

The 20th outpost fought surrounded, but by nightfall they managed to break through to the east.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.

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