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Monday, May 23, 2022
HomeLatest NewsPope Francis wants to mediate between Russia and Ukraine

Pope Francis wants to mediate between Russia and Ukraine

Pope Francis is working to establish himself as an intermediary between Moscow and Kyiv in order to achieve peace as soon as possible and prevent loss of life due to the conflict in Ukraine. Within two months, Putin knew about the intentions Jorge Mario Bergoglio and the recent release of this information was a communication strategy to announce their intentions and open the way to peace. The Vatican may be following the same pattern that led to the thaw between the US and Cuba; but in the war in Ukraine, there are more actors at stake, and above all Insert will have to cease fire and accept the Argentine as an intermediary. At a time when the Russian Orthodox Church is having difficulty dissociating itself from Kremlin, Francisco wants to use his confession so that the aggressor and the attacked in the dialogue become part of the solution.

The predisposition of Jorge Mario Bergoglio as a mediator in the conflict officially became known a few days ago, when in an interview with the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, the pontiff himself confirmed that in mid-March he had told Vladimir Putin that he was “ready to go to Moscow” to talk with him in the Kremlin ; just as he already called the Ukrainian leader Vladimir Zelensky “first day of the war” Zelensky’s acceptance of Pope Francis’ role as mediator in the conflict is taken for granted, because that’s what the Ukrainian leader asked him to do in a call he himself made to the Bishop of Rome a few weeks ago.

The pontiff himself confirmed that in mid-March he told Vladimir Putin that he was “ready to go to Moscow” to talk to him in the Kremlin.

“Pope Francis makes a moral appeal by emphasizing over and over again the absurdity of war,” explains Professor Public. Michel Sorisprofessor of sociology of communication and political sciences at the Luis University of Rome: “After overcoming the idea of ​​a just war, Jorge Mario Bergoglio constantly emphasizes that real world This is achieved without humiliating anyone. Not even the aggressor, although he bears the greatest responsibility for what happened.” And he adds: “The moral element is very important because it allows the Pope to play his part in terms of power, associated with the idea of ​​auctoritas in Latin, to recognition.” All this, based on ostpolitik, where in the pontificate of Pope Francis Catholic Church he is very willing to put aside matters of principle in order to engage in dialogue with both the Orthodox Church and Russia.

Are there the same conditions as when Barack Obama and Raul Castro moved closer to their positions because of Francisco? “Now it is difficult, because military and strategic issues are weighing heavily, on which the Holy See has no room for maneuver,” the priest said. Stefano Caprio, professor of Russian history and culture at the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome and a missionary in Russia between 1989 and 2002. “Between the USA and Cuba,” moreover, “there were only two actors: the USA and Cuba. War in Ukraine The situation is more complicated, because not only Moscow and Kyiv are involved in it, but also Washington,” explains Soris. Nevertheless, according to him, “there are reasons to believe that Putin is ready to accept Pope Francis as mediator. Another thing is the internal dynamics of power in Russia.”

Vatican diplomacy, with a fair wind, could pave the way: “The Pope strongly condemned the war, but he never uttered the words Russia or Putin, declaring them guilty. Not in 2014, not now,” explains Caprio, who adds: “By placing Francis above the parties and adopting active neutrality, Moscow sees the Holy See’s position as balanced and distinguished by being outside the western orbit. For this reason, Moscow could open a channel of dialogue with Rome.” In this environment, “Putin’s tone on the last Monday on Victory Day could have announced a de-escalation that has already begun. This phase can thus return to dialog“, says Stefano Caprio.

In such a setting, “Putin’s tone last Monday on Victory Day may mean that de-escalation is already underway. A phase in which, therefore, dialogue can be resumed,” says Stefano Caprio.

With the nuclear risk on the table, Pope Francis is also applying “political realism,” Soris points out, “implementing proposals for mediation and de-escalation, not only saying that war is bad, but also talking about negotiations and dialogue create a new situation that will lead to peace. Knowing full well who is the aggressor and who is being attacked, with an immediate cessation of hostilities, Francis wants to achieve the least number of deaths as soon as possible. With fewer deaths, dialogue, negotiations and peace.

Francisco thus makes a “double communicative gesture”, explains the professor of communication and political sciences: “On the one hand, he acts as a possible mediator, on the other, he claims that peace is possible only if all the actors are even aggressors. That is, the world after a possible victory or after destruction will never be a world, a true world. The world as a result of a slow and tedious mediation work“.

Why is the situation still blocked? Among other things, also because the Moscow Patriarchate is conditioned by the decisions of the Kremlin, which has been the case since its inception in the 16th century, where we must also add that there are parts of Russian Orthodoxy “having a more radical view of the West and that they are even more supportive of Putin’s war,” divulges Stefano Caprio, a professor of Russian history and culture. political nature, diplomatic relations are complex.

Relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church today are not characterized by mobility, but they are not bad either.

“As a result, we are witnessing an uneasy dialogue between Patriarch Kirill and Pope Francis; but where the latter tries to focus more on the elements that unite them rather than those that divide them,” explains Soris, adding: “Pope Francis’ message is universal because he wants to be inclusive to overcome differences”, on service for the protection of human life. But the Pope appealed directly to the Kremlin, “which irritated Patriarch Kirill of Moscow,” explains a specialist in the history and culture of Russia, specifying: “The main idea of ​​the Vatican, however, has always rejected political schemes and talk face to face understand each other”.

Relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church today are not characterized by mobility, but they are not bad either. In recent years, the Catholic Church has paid special attention to the Moscow Patriarchate. In an atmosphere in which the latter in recent years has also come into conflict with the rest of the Orthodox Churches; The pope today is also the mediator within orthodoxy itself. Thus, relations between the Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church are good, “also because it was agreed not to insist on theoretical, diplomatic and ecumenical questions, but to seek Common points humanitarian,” explains Caprio. The horizon of hope may lie in the independence of the Russian Orthodox Church from the Kremlin and its cooperation with the Catholic Church, because “apart from the political, the Russian Orthodox Church is an institution that is on the side of those who suffer, who listen to people, who help,” — Soris explains.

As the bombs continue to fall, can Francis’ message stand up to the power of cross-propaganda between Russia and Ukraine? “I am more than convinced that this is the case,” says Professor Michel Soris. “However, people become disillusioned precisely because they realize the possibilities of manipulation, distortion and functional orientation that the digital environment and social networks have.” And he adds: “For this reason, the voice of Pope Francis stands out, because his message and position are not trivial, but even stand out for their simplicity.”

The horizon of hope may lie in the independence of the Russian Orthodox Church from the Kremlin and its cooperation with the Catholic Church.

Priest Stefano Caprio, professor of Russian history and culture at the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome, makes it clear that “it is not easy for propaganda to instrumentalize the position of the Catholic Church.” All this, moreover, in a context where “Pope Francis has very strong personality in the middle of an international scene where there aren’t many actors of his caliber; which allows him to be not only above the parties, but also above propaganda and instrumentalization.” Caprio goes further: “Pope Francis could offer the necessary answers to justify the Russians themselves by emphasizing that war is a political decision, not the fault of the people. And where together we can restore peace. Papa is more than willing to do it, and in Russia it will be highly appreciated.”

Eight centuries ago there were those who paved the way Jorge Mario Bergoglio, in a broad sense. On the Fifth Crusade, in 1219, a man went to the Holy Land to speak with the Sultan of Egypt, Malek Al-Kamel. But this Italian knew that talking to someone completely different, who might even be an “enemy”, is the only tool that allows you to achieve peace. this is a lesson San Francisco de Asis. And this sums up the entire pontificate.



Source: www.publico.es

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