According to her, processors are experiencing severe poultry supply shortages. Deliveries are interrupted. This situation leads to an increase in purchase prices. Producers of meat products are forced to buy chicken meat at 190 rubles per kg, while its retail price is 165 rubles per kg. The chicken is sent to retail chains first, and to processors already residually, says Panferova.
She sees the reasons for the situation in the growth in the consumption of poultry as the most affordable source of protein: the demand for chicken has grown more than the increase in production in the country. This was superimposed on a seasonal increase in demand. In addition, Belarus has limited supplies of poultry meat and Kazakhstan’s largest producer is closed to imports, Panferova notes.
In a joint study by NTech and Rosselkhozbank (available in RG), the price of a chicken broiler fillet is said to be significantly higher than the price of a pork ham. In week 27 of 2023 (July 3-July 9), the cost of chicken continued to grow (up 2%): earlier this week, sales prices for a broiler chicken carcass were 175 rubles per kg throughout the year. It has risen in price by 24%. While live weight pork now costs 127 rubles per kg, prices have increased by 1% in a week, only 8% in a year.
At the same time, during the five months of the year, the country experienced an increase in the production of poultry meat – more than 2%. Interestingly, in some regions production has increased sharply (Bryansk region – plus 16.3%, Altai Territory – 9.2%, Penza region – 8.5%), while in others it has decreased sharply (region from Tambov – minus 12.2%, Leningrad region – minus 10%, Moscow region – minus 9.6%).
However, the Ministry of Agriculture sees no cause for concern. As “RG” said in the department, the price situation in the food market is stable, for most positions, the growth of producer prices generally corresponds to the inflation rate. In particular, the price of chicken meat increased by 6% during the year. And the current price dynamics are seasonal.
According to the ministry, during the five months of 2023, compared with the same period last year, the production of livestock and poultry in agricultural organizations (large, medium, small) increased by 3.6% to 5.4 million tons in live weight. The indicator for poultry added 1.9%, reaching 2.7 million tons, for eggs, 4% to 16 billion pieces.
“At the same time, in various border regions this year there has been a local reduction in meat production, which is associated with the operational situation,” acknowledges the Ministry of Agriculture.
In order to support local agricultural producers, the Ministry of Agriculture plans to change the preferential credit mechanism, contemplating the possibility of extending and (or) granting a deferral of accrued interest payments and debt principal repayment short-term preferential previously granted. term loans to borrowers who suffered as a result of shelling by the Ukrainian armed forces, provided that this agreement expires in 2023. Similar additional support is expected for borrowers who have previously attracted prime investment loans with no limit on the date maturity of the loan.