Irina Polyakova, a pulmonologist at the National Research Medical Center for Pathophysiology and Infectious Diseases, told aif.ru how to treat it correctly.
As a rule, influenza pneumonia in adults develops in the first 12-20 hours from the onset of the disease, when the virus “descends” and affects the lung tissue.
You can recognize it by a high temperature of more than 38 degrees, shortness of breath and a strong cough. The cough is very dry, paroxysmal. It can be accompanied by clear sputum, with an admixture of blood – hemoptysis. This occurs due to damage to the alveoli and thus alveolar bleeding occurs.
Influenza pneumonia is well diagnosed on X-ray examination, even without CT.
In blood tests, the ESR of the blood increases, the number of leukocytes, on the contrary, decreases, and the number of lymphocytes increases. Unlike simple bacterial pneumonia, when leukocytosis is observed, an increase in the number of leukocytes.
A patient with influenza pneumonia needs to be hospitalized because his life is in danger. While for uncomplicated bacterial pneumonia, it can be treated at home.
An increase in shortness of breath leads to a decrease in blood saturation, that is, a decrease in the oxygen content in it. Due to fatigue of the respiratory muscles, hypoxia develops, and irreversible changes occur in the internal organs.
Influenza pneumonia is necessarily treated with antiviral drugs. If bacterial flora joins, antibiotics are added. With respiratory failure, oxygen therapy is also connected.