No one can go by age. This is because the retirement age was increased once in 5 years and the transition period was extended by 10 years. Play the role and time of birth of a person (year and period of birth).
“When drawing up the schedule for the transition to a new retirement age, an approach was taken to increase the retirement age by 1 year annually. However, in order to reduce the negative attitude towards the pension reform by the population, a A transition period was adopted from 2019 to 2022, which increased the retirement age every six months by only 6 months.From 2023 to 2028, the rule of increasing the retirement age by one year (year by year) applies. Therefore, women and men who have reached the age of 58 and 63, respectively, will retire in 2024. And in 2026, at 59 and 64. In 2028, at 60 and 65, respectively,” says Alexander Safonov, a professor at the Financial Institute under the Government of the Russian Federation.
“How was it before? Men retire at 60, and women at 55. Legislative innovations increased this limit by 5 years. That is, men will have a well-deserved rest at 65, and women at 60 But not immediately. The reform was extended until 2028,” says lawyer Irina Kalinina.
So why did the years with a pass emerge to enter a well-deserved rest? Consider the example of women. So those women who were born in 1964, according to the old rules, were supposed to retire in 2019 at the age of 55, but they were given another six months of work. Consequently, those women who were born in 1964 in the first half of the year were able to retire in the second half of 2019 at the age of 55.5 years. And those ladies who were born in 1964 in the second half of the year, only in the first half of 2020 at the age of 55.5 years.
Women born in 1965 under the old rules were required to retire in 2020, again at age 55, but had to work an additional year and a half. Therefore, those who were born in the first half of 1965 could only become pensioners in the second half of 2021. And those ladies whose dates of birth fall in the second half of 1965 could enjoy a well-deserved rest in the first half of 2022. And those. and others had a retirement age of 56.5 years.
Then come the ladies born in 1966. Since the retirement age has been increasing year by year since 2023, if we count from 2019 (2019 +6 months, 2020 +6 months, 2021 +6 months and 2022 +6 months, 2023 +12 months) need to work a total of 3 more years. And if, according to the old rules, they were supposed to retire in 2021, now they will be able to do it only in 2024 at the age of 58.
The same is true for women who were born in 1967. According to the previous rules, they could become pensioners in 2022 at the age of 55. But they need to work for another 4 years. Therefore, they will be able to retire in 2026 at the age of 59. And the ladies who were born in 1968 and were supposed to retire in 2023 will work another 5 years and retire in 2028 at the age of 60.
“Maybe it’s not too simple, but it’s pure math. There are no tricks. In 2023, 2025 and 2027, there are simply no people who can retire by age,” Alexander Safonov clarifies.
As for early workers, men who have worked for 42 years and women for 37 years are entitled to early retirement in 2023. Only work experience is taken into account here, no other is included. However, recently a law has been passed which will take into account the time of compulsory military service for the purpose of determining a pension.
There are also other preferential categories that are entitled to early retirement – these are people who worked in difficult working conditions, teachers and doctors, mothers of large families. They may also become retirees in 2023.
For example, workers employed in difficult, dangerous and harmful working conditions, citizens who have worked for at least 15 years in the Far North regions or at least 20 years in areas equivalent to them, can take early retirement. Mothers with many children have the right to early retirement. If a woman has 5 children, she will retire at 50.
More information about changes in the retirement age can be found on the website of the Social Fund of the Russian Federation.