Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS
On December 19, a new package of laws signed by the president was published. We have compiled the most important ones.
LABOR GUARANTEES FOR THE MOBILIZED
Previously, the president had already approved a law that does not allow the dismissal of mobilized people. While a person is in charge, his employment contract is frozen. And after demobilization, the employee has three months to return to work. But it turned out that this only works for permanent employment contracts.
Now Putin has signed a new law. If the contract was for a fixed term and ended while the mobilized was in the army, then the employee has “the preferential right to work in a position that he previously held with the employer.”
Unfortunately, the “right of first refusal” is not a guarantee of job retention. If the employer does not need new people by the time of demobilization, then no one will sign a new contract.
Until recently, Russia remained one of the last countries in the world where commercial surrogacy was allowed. This is when a woman is pregnant, but the genetic material (sperm and oocytes) is not hers. Foreigners could come to us, pay for the clinic and a surrogate mother, donate biomaterials and in 9 months receive a child. This is usually done if the couple is unable to have a baby on their own.
But the store was closed. Only married Russian women or single women who cannot get pregnant for medical reasons will be able to use surrogate motherhood.
The surrogate child will automatically receive our citizenship.
The possibility of a simplified exit from citizenship for surrogate children, in which one of the parents has foreign nationality, is cancelled.
THE MINIMUM WAS INCREASED
As of January 1, 2023, they will be: 16,242. This is 6.3% more (or about 1,000 rubles) than now.
This year, the minimum wage was raised twice: from January 1, it was increased to 13,890 rubles, from June 1 to 15,279 rubles.
SPACE PROTECTION ALONG WITH INDIA
Moscow and Delhi pledge to “protect technologies in the field of exploration and use of outer space.”
This is to prevent unauthorized access to our intellectual property used in Russian-Indian projects.