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Raw materials in exchange for trolleybuses: what the USSR and the DPRK agreed on – Rodina

Date: July 24, 2024 Time: 05:59:47

New documents published by the State Archive of the Russian Federation shed light on plans for cooperation between Moscow and Pyongyang in 1984. North Korea offered the Soviet Union a mutually beneficial exchange.

RIA Novosti

Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Nikolai Viktorovich Podgorny (left) talks with Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the DPRK Kim Il Sung (right).

The DPRK’s proposals for trade and economic cooperation with the USSR, conveyed to the Soviet side in 1984, were published by the State Archive of the Russian Federation on the Telegram channel “Documentary Past”.

“According to the document, in 1984 the DPRK sought to “decisively improve” economic relations with the USSR,” the annotation to the archival materials reads. “In particular, the DPRK wanted to build a nuclear power plant with four power units. Soviet technologies.”

Kwak Myung-su, economic adviser at the DPRK embassy in the USSR, sent a complete list of proposals to the Soviet embassy. He reported that the Korean side intends to increase the volume of foreign trade between the two countries by more than 2-3 billion rubles.

To conduct trade negotiations, the DPRK planned to send an impressive delegation of 14 people to Moscow. The negotiations were planned to last ten days, and the DPRK asked Moscow to first familiarize itself with the proposals and express its wishes.

“The document speaks of the USSR’s interest in ordering ships from DPRK shipyards and its readiness to build tugboats and various types of barges for the Soviet Union,” the State Archive of the Russian Federation reports.

Pyongyang agreed not only to build ships for the Soviet Union, but also to repair them. “We have found an opportunity for cooperation in repairing large ships with a displacement of more than 10,000 to 12,000 tons,” the North Korean list of proposals says.

“For some reason, the Soviet side was interested in the supply of trolleybuses to the DPRK (possibly for the Far East) and therefore the DPRK wanted to modernize its trolleybus plant with the help of the USSR,” the file notes.

The Koreans responded to the Soviet side’s request and found an opportunity to export trolleybuses. After modernization, the plant was supposed to produce more than 300 trolleybuses a year directly for the Soviet Union.

The DPRK also expressed its readiness to participate in large construction projects in the Far East. Pyongyang was ready to accept contracts for the construction of residential buildings, public buildings, industrial buildings, power lines and other facilities. North Korea also offered cooperation in the development and production of coking coal on the territory of the USSR.

In addition, Pyongyang intended to buy from the USSR a car manufacturing plant with a capacity of 5,000 vehicles per year. It is interesting that the buyer wanted to pay in wagons as part of a long-term contract for the export of wagons to the Soviet Union.

North Korea was also interested in supplies of antimony and synthetic rubber from the Soviet Union. These materials were needed for the battery plant, which was built in the DPRK using Soviet technology and equipped with Soviet equipment.

However, in their letter, the Koreans noted that “the pace of production has not yet been secured due to untimely supply of raw materials and supplies.”

“The DPRK also wanted to produce linoleum and artificial leather for the USSR, but only from raw materials supplied from the USSR,” the Russian State Archive adds. At that time, there was a factory in North Korea capable of producing 5 million square meters of artificial leather per year.

The DPRK needed 2 million square meters of the material. The country offered the remaining 3 million to the Soviet Union.

The company also offered cooperation in the production of automobile devices. A pneumatic automation plant operated in the DPRK, and the equipment for it was supplied by the GDR. The company was capable of producing 24 types of automation devices, but due to disruptions in the supply of materials, it produced only four types.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.
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