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HomeLatest NewsRoskomnadzor spoke about full substitution of imports of TSPU equipment - Rossiyskaya...

Roskomnadzor spoke about full substitution of imports of TSPU equipment – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

Date: July 14, 2024 Time: 14:06:27

Sergey Vladimirovich, first we will briefly tell you what TSPU is.

Sergey Temny: Within the framework of activities provided for by law, Roskomnadzor is tasked with creating an automated security system for the Russian segment of the Internet. To achieve this, we install technical means to counter threats, those same TSPUs, in the communication networks of telecommunications operators. This determines certain requirements for the equipment used there. It must be safe, reliable and guaranteed. The project has been implemented since 2019. At first we had some restrictions regarding Russian equipment, because the industry could only provide a very small list and we were forced to use foreign devices.

Are we talking about Chinese equipment? Or are these “ciscos” conditional?

Sergey Temny: No, we do not use American ones. We have other equipment, including Chinese ones. There was also equipment produced by the only company in the world. And two years ago we replaced it by intentionally setting the corresponding task for Russian companies.

What risks did you encounter when using foreign equipment?

Sergey Temny: The first is the lack of guarantee of supply. Foreign companies violated their deadlines, which affected the project implementation dates. And, of course, the sellers who leave the market. Even for equipment that was previously purchased, we have lost technical support and maintenance, which inevitably affects the reliability of the equipment and its performance.

Any other risks?

Sergey Temny: Another risk, since our system is also responsible for critical information infrastructure (CII) objects, is possible undeclared functions used on the computer. From the example of some telecom operators using foreign equipment, we know that there were cases where these functions worked and this caused network failures, so for various reasons we cannot afford such risks.

How did they start to replace?

Sergey Temny: At first we only had Russian switches. The industry produced them and cryptographic protection products. The rest of our team was foreign. The heart of the TSPU is the DPI team. In this case, the software was developed by a Russian company, but until 2022 it was delivered on a foreign platform. A test segment was created specifically about him in 2019. Since 2022, we replaced the DPI filter platform and now it is national. And today we are testing a new generation, more productive platform, also for national development.

What else has changed since 2019?

Sergey Temny: First of all, this is an optical bypass switch. We challenged the industry to develop a device that would meet our requirements. It turned out to be fundamentally new, because we took into account our requirements for operation, functionality and versatility. The bypass switch has been supplied since last year, is installed in the network of telecom operators and has already been installed in several hundred nodes. And it demonstrates its performance and reliability.

We are currently testing a traffic balancer, which we also need on nodes, especially large ones where multiple filters are used. After the tests are positive, we will also start purchasing it this year. That is, in fact, as of this year we no longer buy foreign equipment for our facilities.

But, as I understand it, are foreign processors used?

Sergey Temny: The manufacturer is faced with the task of gradually increasing the level of localization of equipment. Starting in 2027 we plan to replace the telecommunications processor with a domestic one. And after this, localization will grow very significantly.

But if we talk about traffic balancers, then the control module already contains a Russian chip. The control architecture is implemented there.

What problems did you encounter during import substitution work?

Sergey Temny: For example, there were failures in the power supplies; we use quite rare fonts. And when there were difficulties in the world market, we had problems because of that. As a result, of course, we got everything, but taking into account this experience, we proposed to the manufacturer the task of localizing production in Russia. Now this unit is already being produced in St. Petersburg.

In principle, optical modules have never been produced on the territory of the Russian Federation. Now it has been developed and assembled for us. If tested successfully, we expect delivery next year.

But the most important thing I want to say is that we act as clients of teams created according to our needs. Consequently, after this, the manufacturer can entrust industry and other companies with the task of creating certain components. If we do not have our own Russian developments, in principle neither Russian components nor a component base can appear. Therefore, the chain “customer – manufacturer – component base” is built in this way. Therefore, we set ourselves the task of systematically increasing the degree of localization.

The main thing we have provided to our manufacturer is a guaranteed minimum order quantity. But at the same time it is clear that we only ask for a certain, rather narrow range. And telecom operators remain the largest consumer of telecom equipment. The operators are commercial organizations and approach import substitution a little differently. They wait for the market to offer something, and the market will offer it only when it has orders. This is a vicious circle. But the situation is also changing in this direction.

Should they be required? There is an initiative for industry regulators to determine for themselves what is classified as CII and what is not.

Sergey Temny: It seems to me to be of fundamental importance that even business actors who are not yet subject to ICI regulation understand how profitable and safe it is for them to use Russian equipment. That is, we are not talking about expanding CII regulation to these participants, but about bringing work with Russian equipment to some general rules, not only for government clients. So this will really ensure demand and market volume will immediately expand for our manufacturers, allowing them to, firstly, make equipment cheaper and secondly, order components from manufacturers and increase localization. Because if we talk about assemblies only for critical infrastructure objects, they will be samples of parts.

At the same time, the issue of protecting domestic manufacturers of telecommunications equipment from unscrupulous suppliers who can sell foreign-made equipment under the guise of domestic equipment is especially serious. There are such attempts. Therefore, the task of the State is not to weaken control over the procedure for inclusion in the relevant product registers, including strengthening the elements of industry control, when representatives of the national industry, through the procedures existing, analyze and confirm the presence of their own developments and the fact of production in Russia. This will protect investments in the industry and ensure its development.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.

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