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Russia needs a million workers: There are not enough people to achieve technological sovereignty

Date: June 19, 2024 Time: 00:16:06

Photo by the Roscongress Foundation

As part of the business program of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF), the session “The Russian labor market: the state of labor potential and the mechanisms for its development” was held. The speakers discussed how the current situation in Russia affects the labor market, when against the background of record low unemployment, an “employee market” is being formed, how employees and employers adapt to these conditions.

The session was moderated by the Director General of the ANO “Russia – the Land of Opportunities” or Rector of RANEPA Alexei Komissarov.

LOW UNEMPLOYMENT IS A CHALLENGE

At the beginning of the session, Alexei Komissarov noted that the personnel issue is one of the key issues at this year’s forum. “We are in a unique situation where the unemployment rate is at a historically low level. On the one hand, this is good, on the other hand, this is a certain challenge,” added the expert.

As Russian Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said in her speech, if two years ago the main task in the labor market was to prevent the growth of unemployment, now the situation is reversed.

“We are at a historical minimum according to the methodology of the International Labor Organization of 3.3% or 2.4 million people; this has never happened in Russian history. Unemployment fell by 1.3 million in two years. To ensure technological sovereignty in the next five years, we need 1 million people. Our global task is to obtain these labor resources by all means at our disposal”, emphasized Tatyana Golikova.

An important topic is the professional and qualification correspondence of supply and demand in the labor market. According to Tatyana Alekseevna, most of the unemployed have vocational education, but it does not meet the needs of the economy – the manufacturing sector, industry, construction, etc. In the last 15 years there has been a departure of personnel from the industrial sector to the service sector. And, if employment tends to grow in all age groups, starting at 25 years of age, then for young people under 25 years of age, on the contrary, there is a constant downward trend in employment. They learn, but they do not advance along the path in which they are educated.

As Tatyana Golikova pointed out, solving the global personnel problem is complex, multisectoral in nature, and requires the government to work together with employers and the education system.

“Our main task is to use the existing human resources potential. Having today the lowest unemployment in modern history, we clearly understand that there are a number of territories where the unemployment rate exceeds 10%. These are the territories with which we will have to work with determination, specifically, to develop additional solutions that contribute to the development of the labor market: be it the relocation of personnel from these entities to those industries where they are needed, or the organization of I work directly in these territories”, the Minister of Labor and Social Security of Russia Anton Kotyakov.

THE NEED IS GROWING

JSC Russian Railways has experience in attracting workers from other regions. “We have created our own internal recruitment agencies, we are forming our base in the context of specific specialties. Now we need more than 700,000 employees with specific skills, and so on,” said Dmitry Shakhanov, Deputy General Director of Russian Railways.

To attract specialists today, corporate culture, the climate in the team and social guarantees are important. Furthermore, in the context of development and changes in technological processes, there is a growing demand for professional retraining at the request of specific employers and the possibility of gaining practical experience while still in the learning process.

Alexey Bezprozvannykh, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, drew attention to the fact that in order to make systemic decisions, one must understand systemic problems. “Objectively, as soon as our demand increased, we saw that not all companies quickly oriented themselves and began to think quickly about what kind of specialists they would need. Today we have reached a level where we need to express this need not just in quantity, but in quantity per quarter, per month, based on how production will unfold. And this is very important, since this need is increasing and we have to keep up with the needs of the companies”, explained the Vice Minister.

POPULARIZATION OF WORK

The training of young specialists by the higher and secondary professional education system is one of the resources to solve the problem of the saturation of personnel in the economy.

“RSPP, together with the government and the Ministry of Education, is implementing the Professionalism project. By 2026, we should create nearly 1,000 new clusters under this project. “Professionalism” is the answer to the question of how we will train personnel for our future, – said Andrey Komarov, Chairman of the Committee for Secondary Vocational Education, Vocational Training and Vocational Guidance of the RSPP. – The project has a KPI – by 2026, 85% employment. This corresponds to the best analogues in the world. At the same time, we would see a significant increase in the percentage of specific contracts concluded as the next target. For the country as a whole, the figure is still only 2%. We see specific training as a guarantee of the effectiveness of government and employer investments in the training of students, and we believe that it is necessary to take effective measures so that the proportion of specific contracts increases significantly in the very near future”.

For a graduate to be motivated to obtain those professions that the economy needs, vocational guidance must begin at school.

“60% of children go to the secondary vocational education system (secondary vocational education – “KP”) after the ninth grade. Already this year, admission to the vocational education system will be about 1.2 million people. Approximately 800 thousand people graduate from this training. We have large projects that show good results. The necessary technical base has been created. Now it is important to combine this base with the propaganda of the work among schoolchildren. To this end, we have developed a unified system of career guidance, which will be introduced from September 1 for schoolchildren from grades 6 to 11,” said Alexander Bugaev, First Deputy Minister of Education of the Russian Federation.

For his part, the governor of the Arkhangelsk region, Alexander Tsybulsky, noted that the unemployment rate in the region is 1.3%, the lowest in recent history. “We analyze why this is happening. Absolutely, this is the result of effective work of updated employment centers. The desire of the population to go there will grow by an order of magnitude. In addition, these are the self-employed and that part of the population that today has come out of the shadows, as well as the result of the great work of the State within the framework of national projects,” added the governor.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.
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