The energy transition and decarbonisation continue to set the pace in all economic sectors, both European and global. In the European Union there are various milestones established so that in the coming years, specifically in 2050, net zero is achieved. Among them is the ‘Fit to 55’ plan. Now the European Scientific Advisory Council on climate change has advised the 27 to reduce these emissions by up to 95% by the year 2040.
In their report “Scientific advice for the determination of a climate target for 2040 in the whole EU budget for greenhouse gases for 2030-2050”, they raised the range of the objectives and have recommended the reduction of these emissions in the EU, of a 90% to 95% in relation to the year 1990. These results have been demonstrated “on the basis of a scientific evaluation that addressed both equity and feasibility” and by analyzing the latest available greenhouse gas (GHG) emission scenarios ), to achieve climate neutrality also sought by the Paris Agreement.
In addition, they ensure that the fact of having already defined the ‘Objective 55’ plan for 2030, makes it possible to achieve the recommended target range for 2040 and climate neutrality for 2050 in a better way; that is, they have paved the way for it. On the other hand, the council also recommends that the greenhouse gas emissions budget that the EU currently has for the period 2030-2050 be maintained. The idea is that it be within a limit of between 11 to 14 gigatons (Gt) of CO2 so that it follows the line of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, he emphasizes again that for this he must make greater efforts and lower emissions by 90-95%.
“The recommendations of the Advisory Council underline the need for bold and transformative actions to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 in a way that is both fair and feasible”, settles the president of the European Scientific Advisory Council on climate change, Professor Ottmar Edenhof e In addition, he adds that for this to become a reality in the future, the European Union should reduce these emissions: “By making the right political decisions and adopting sustainable innovations, we can pave the way for a resilient,” he says.
Another of the emphasis that he makes is on investment and how key they are to this ‘green’ path. According to the report, this climate neutrality must be supported by investments in innovation and the development of capacities and social changes. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicates that in order to stop global warming, it is necessary to focus on changing the type of movements that are being made and put aside fossil fuels and move closer to renewable energies and others. sustainable energy methods.
The necessary transitions can be achieved through different combinations of demand management and the use of technology, they comment, because in addition, there is no single way to help reduce the use of energy and natural resources. For this reason, they call for the EU to more strongly limit domestic emissions. Support, cooperation and partnerships outside of Brussels can also help address this shortfall.
“The recommended target for 2040 requires us to act quickly,” says Professor Laura Diaz Anadon, vice-president of the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change. The expert adds that there are multiple ways to achieve this neutrality in the coming years, but that various decision-making is required that must be very careful and “adaptable.” “All of these pathways can lead to many other benefits, including significant improvements in health and increased energy security,” she concludes.