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Scientists have discovered what the roads of ancient Chersonesos – Rodina were like

Date: July 24, 2024 Time: 06:51:34

The “Field Diary” collection of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences has published a new study based on the results of the first systematic study of the ancient roads of Tauride Chersonesos.

State Historical and Archaeological Museum-Reserve “Chersonese Tauride”

Roads built between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC were used throughout ancient times.

The main task of the work was to record the results obtained during one field season, writes Victoria Nessel from the State Historical and Archaeological Museum-Reserve “Chersonese Tauride” in Sevastopol.

In the early 1990s, archaeologists discovered separate stretches of ancient roads in different places on the Heracles Peninsula. However, until recently, the features of road construction from that period were not systematically studied.

The new study is the first attempt to systematically understand what roads were like in those days. As part of the study, two ancient roads in the northwestern part of the Heraclean Peninsula, in the area between modern Kamyshovaya and Kruglaya bays, were studied with particular attention.

It has been established that several roads were built in the indicated area in the 4th-3rd centuries BC. One of them connected in ancient times the northwestern part of the nearby chora of Chersonesos with external ports, in particular with the modern Streletskaya Bay, but was not among the main transport routes. Its length is 1354 meters.

But these secondary roads intersected the main roads, just as they do in our time. One of these T-junctions was discovered in the 1990s. It was found that initially, in the 3rd century BC, the width of the longitudinal road was 4 to 4.2 metres and the width of the transverse road was 5 to 6 metres.

However, during the Roman period, the road was narrowed by up to 2-3 metres, and at that time the road “was used with collapsed walls and was periodically filled in the middle.” The author of the study considers this method to be completely justified, since even now the place where the old road is located is badly washed out by rain.

Previously, archaeologists discovered that “the ancient builders first leveled the area on the continental rock until they obtained a solid stone surface, removed the marl and loose limestone and poured it into the places where the fence walls were planned to be built.

After leveling the surface of the continental rock, the road surface was paved with flat stones. The joints between them were filled with a mixture of crushed stone and clay.

The surface of each of these roads required constant maintenance, filling and compaction. Moreover, it was not even about the comfort of travelling on the road, but simply the possibility of driving on it.

“This care could be provided by the simultaneous existence of a nearby farm,” writes Victoria Nessel. “If the farm was abandoned, the adjacent road would also become unusable.

Most likely, the sections of roads located far from existing farms were repaired in an irregular manner, as evidenced by the fragment of the second cross road we discovered.”

According to her, the quality of the road surface can be used to judge the direction and intensity of traffic on the Heracles Peninsula related to the transportation of goods both to the ports of the northern bays of the peninsula and to Chersonese.

“The greatest attention was paid to main roads, where traffic was occasional, the road surface itself was lacking or in very “unkempt” condition,” the author of the paper notes.

Ancient roads were highly dependent on the terrain through which they were laid, as well as on the type of purpose – primary or secondary. In addition, they also depended on the owners of nearby land. This may explain the differences discovered by archaeologists in the method of construction of road surfaces and fence walls.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.

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