“Many communities have dismantled or are dismantling their protection system for individuals and families in situations of social exclusion” in the different autonomous communities.
The association has verified that Castilla-La Mancha, Aragón, Extremadura, Madrid and Castilla y León have reduced the amount allocated to this aid by almost 50% after the approval of the Minimum Vital Income. In the last two, this budget was allocated to social inclusion programs or other social policies, but in others it translated into a reduction “without further ado” in their social spending “in a year so marked by crisis and social health as was 2021 “, according to EFE.
The report indicates that the most serious case is that of Castilla-La Mancha, where the budget allocated to the Minimum Insertion Income (RMI) has been reduced by two thirds (66.7%). Therefore, the Directors and Managers of Social Services point out that in that region and also in Madrid, Castilla y León, Aragón and Extremadura these aids “are being replaced by the Minimum Vital Income (IMV)”.
The “regressive situation, in some cases, and reinforcement in others”, they maintain, is also revealed in the evolution of the number of recipients, where the same communities that have reduced their spending, see a “significant” reduction in the number of beneficiaries, up to 73% in Castilla-La Mancha, in contrast to the 121% increase in the Valencian Community.
At the national level, 150,000 fewer people benefited from the Minimum Insertion Income (RMI) in 2021 than in 2020, which reached 7.1% of the population living below the poverty line in Spain, more than 645,300 people . Navarra and the Basque Country maintain high percentages of beneficiaries with respect to their population below the poverty line, with 75.8% and 55.8%, respectively, while in Castilla-La Mancha “the extinction of these RMI is confirmed “, in the words of the association.
The average amount in Spain is equivalent to almost 16% of the average income per household in the country as a whole, a figure that for the Directors and Managers of Social Services is “extremely low” and that has decreased by more than one point since 2019, going from 17.1% to 15.9%. Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, the Valencian Community and Asturias are above the average, while in Murcia, Madrid and Aragon the percentage represented by the average amount of the RMI does not reach 10% of the average income per household in those regions.
For this reason, they wanted to emphasize that “poverty is not equal to social exclusion” and the IMV tries to alleviate situations of poverty, even if it is insufficient, and the RMI seek to facilitate social inclusion. In this territory, they demand these territories “that, as some of them have already done, allocate the ‘savings’ that the establishment of the IMV has meant to reinforce their social inclusion programs that, among other causes, may be caused by the situations sense of prolonged poverty”.