In 2022, an average of up to 190,913 foreigners registered with Social Security, which represents an increase of 8.4% compared to figures for 2021, which leads them to represent 12.3% of all contributors. Therefore, last year it closed with 2,460,719 immigrant workers in the system, reaching a new annual maximum, as reported this Tuesday by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migrations.
This figure of 2.46 million employed people came after Social Security lost 3,933 foreign affiliates in December compared to the previous month, thus chaining its second consecutive monthly decline after November, the month in which it lost 5,720 foreign contributors.before
Of the total foreign affiliates at the end of last year, 826,806 came from EU countries (33.6%) and 1,633,913 from third countries (66.4%). The most numerous foreign employed groups are workers from Romania (330,857), Morocco (305,428), Italy (158,635), Colombia (127,891) and Venezuela (125,201).
Effects of war and the pandemic
In addition, the system has 60,676 members from Ukraine, 13,417 more than in January 2022, before the start of the war waged in the country by Russia. Most of the workers from Ukraine, almost 90%, are included in the general scheme (salaried) and the constant 10% as self-employed (self-employed).
In seasonally adjusted terms (eliminating the effects of the calendar), the affiliation of foreigners to Social Security rose in 2022 by 194,013 contributors, up to a total of 2,500,677 employed, 311,256 more than before the arrival of the pandemic, in 020 of 2020.
A good year for memberships… despite the slowdown in December
At the end of 2022, the total number of Social Security affiliates exceeded 20.1 million, its highest level in the entire historical series. A figure that has been possible thanks to the increase of more than 750,000 contributors, which in percentage terms represents 3.9% more than what had been registered in other periods of high job creation -such as the immediately preceding one, which took place between 2017 and 2019-.
In the last month of last year, Social Security added 12,640 average affiliates, its smallest increase for this month since 2012, when employment fell by more than 88,000 people in the midst of the sovereign debt crisis in Spain. The data coincides with the economic slowdown in the final stretch of the year, when the economy slowed down sharply -in the third quarter the GDP barely advanced 0.1%-.