It is not easy to get out of the dichotomy of two sides, out of the duplex formed by militant imperialisms, out of the narrow border left by what is understood as good and evil, the meanings of which become the frontier. However, a wide range journalists, activists and politicians They tried to break the schemes of the plot, the narrative of the Ukrainian conflict. Faced with polarized views and simplistic and always binary analysis, data and context. This is how the World Chronicle Day took place at Ateneo La Maliciosa and was promoted by various media such as Público, El Salto, Viento Sur, Carne Cruda, CTXT and the political space of La Izquierda in the European Parliament.
Olga Rodriguez, a journalist who has covered several armed conflicts in his past, moderated the first of the tables. In it, several informants from different walks of life and experience tried to unravel an armed conflict full of complexities and minute details. Victor GarciaRTVE’s special representative for Ukraine was already in Kyiv before the start of the Russian offensive: “You didn’t notice the pre-war atmosphere, they took us by surprise, and so did we. We didn’t know the sources of coverage of a war of this size, but we had to answer questions like where the Russians would go, how far they would go, or simply why they were doing it,” he said.
Victor Garcia, RTVE’s special representative in Ukraine, was already in Kyiv before the start of the Russian offensive.
From his point of view, the lack of observation of details, the clear vision in the information that travels the world about the Russian invasion, seems remarkable. “We were told that the Russians destroyed the building, but this is not true. A rocket hit in the middle. Where is this rocket from? war crime. Who really did it? And how do people live in cities that are under Russian rule?” the journalist asked.
Not being able to contrast with my own eyes
Ane Irazabal, an ETB correspondent in Berlin and a special representative in Ukraine, also participated in the table. “What struck me most was the difficulty of checking the news. wars in Gaza 2012 and 2014 and that was a mousetrap, but they bombed and then you could come to the place to check what happened, talk to the relatives of the victims … you can feel in the capital, but it is very limited, ”he told the audience. He also mentioned the forms of some journalistic practices: “It’s like a hyperbole competition to see who uses the flashiest or wildest headline when it comes to counting the last attack.
Soraya Constant She was El Salto’s special envoy to Poland and Ukraine. “As a reader, I need a lot of information from Russia, because we only get what the Ukrainian channels tell us. In fact, the war is lived differently there, people are returning to their homes, and in some cities they are not. stopped going to work or opening stores,” he said. In the same way unreliability trade was another thing to deal with. In the words of the reporter himself, “When people outside the newsroom keep insisting on covering these events, we almost see it as a mission. In this context, the issue of safety is a personal decision because we don’t have life insurance and we try to join more funded groups trying to follow other colleagues.”
Information vacuum that breeds monsters
Zugasti referred to the future, speaking about the fate of the weapons that countries like Spain are trying to deliver to Ukraine.
Co-author of El Salto and CTXT, Irene Zugasti has covered the conflict since its outbreak in 2014. “When you are there, you demystify war. It’s sad, boring, ugly i was not a hero It’s pathetic in every way. Daily stories reveal a lot of gray that is never told,” she said. When a new reality settled in the Donbass, many journalists returned to their editorial offices. She did not return: “In those years, there were no Western media covering the conflict, and this information vacuum created monsters.” Similarly, Zugasti also referred to the future when he mentioned the fate of the weapons that countries like Spain are struggling to bring to Ukraine: “Who will control these weapons circulating around the world and that they already have mercenaries in their hands who are applauded for going out to kill?
Andrew Call, from Viento Sur, historian by trade. He is the one who gave some clues to the idea Insert: “He started with a misjudgment, both in terms of misunderstanding of Ukrainian society, and in terms of how divided Europe is when NATO is in crisis and the Americans are worried about their withdrawal from Afghanistan,” his report says. In addition, he noted the need for solidarity “with open eyes, and not in such a polarized way, between people who see invading imperialism, and not vice versa. He also added that “Ukraine is the only place in post-World War II Europe where the far right is so well armed.
Europe is rearming
Miguel Urban, MEP for Anticapitalistas, said that “there is no place in military propaganda for stories of peace from either side.”
Commanded the second table Paul Elordui, journalist El Salto. He was the one who voiced the text sent by friends Paul GonzalezSpanish journalist detained in Poland and accused of spying for Russia. Here, the participants went along the path, trying to shorten the language of war in order to open the way to peace, as the moderator himself said.
Miguel Urban, MEP for Anticapitalistas, stated that “there is no place in military propaganda for stories of peace from either side.” An example of this claim is the actions developed by the EU, “institutions that were ostensibly created for the purpose of peace, but whose architecture is war-oriented”. He also noted how unnoticed the EU’s 2% increase in investment in defense and security“Because there are always investments, not education and healthcare, which are expenses,” he pointed out.
The politician is concerned not so much that the European project is militarism, since he believes that it has always been like that, but that there has never been an alibi and popular support for this, as it is now. “The first action of the EU peace mechanism was to send weapons to Ukraine. There are many short-sighted people left who are guilty of supporting what we see, and the integration of Sweden and Finland into NATO is a warning of what is to come,” he explained.
The anti-militarist assembly of Madrid was represented by part Eva Aneiros, who warned that at the end of June “Madrid will be overrun by security forces and agencies and the Gag Law will be in full swing”, referring to the NATO summit to be held in the capital. Knowing about the pacifist past of the Spanish people, whose resistance movement managed to liquidate compulsory military service and demonstrations against invasion of Iraq were massive, the current ones do not seem too similar. “Perhaps we should talk about where the next war is brewing, because when it breaks out, it will be too late,” he stressed.
journalist Nuria Alabao, a member of Feminists Against War, added that “war requires a brutal closure of ranks” and believes that “there is a nationalist political climate of reaction that eventually pervades both journalistic languages and politics itself.” As he put it: “This conflict is the language far right. It is as if Europe suddenly became a nation, and the identity crisis was resolved with the help of a common enemy, which is Russia.”
“War is capitalism’s strategy to maintain control over territories,” said Erica Gonzalez.
From the collective of which she is a part, they have prepared a manifesto that already exceeds 2,500 signatures and in which, in addition to presenting their feminist point of view, not based on the essentialist vision of women and rejecting “a security story that reinforces authoritarian logic”, they propose specific peaceful instruments.The first one goes through the abolition Ukrainian external debtan action that will lead directly to the well-being of its inhabitants, and the second – to the creation of transnational and feminist ties with colleagues from Russia and Ukraine in order to break with this logic of fronts.
Participated on behalf of the Observatory of Transnational Corporations in Latin America (OMAL) Erica Gonzalez. This is how it was clearly shown: “War is capitalism’s strategy to maintain control over the territories, resources, and exploitation of the people it needs to accumulate wealth.” Thus, the pacifist call inevitably becomes anti-capitalist. “Wars expand the boundaries of booty, which creates even more conflicts,” he stressed.
Well-known human rights activist Helena Maleno stopped talking about the footage of the war in Ukraine: “I see that this is a romantic war, it is not at all monstrous, and this attracts my attention. On the borders, another zone of conflict, because on the borders of European states there is a war, but only with casualties on the one hand, when they are photographed, they are terrible, terrible.
Similarly, Maleno also touched upon the issue of the emergence of networks of exploitation with different purposes such as human trafficking. “I keep thinking about the numbers that were given during the Syrian conflict about children who arrived in European states, and it is not known what happened to them. There are a number of recruiters who use the conflict to get boys, girls, children and teenagers for the purpose of sexual exploitation,” he explained. “But not only human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation. There are many people in the Spanish state who have become victims of labor trafficking networks, as in the case of Huelva, Nijar or women working in the care sector,” he concluded.
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