The European Parliament has given the green light this Tuesday to the new regulations on recharging infrastructure for the energy transition in transport, which provides for plugs for electric cars on the main transport routes every 60 kilometers, for trucks every 120 kilometers and hydrogen tanks every 200 km. The charging points will have to extend through the TEN-T network and have a minimum power of 400 kilowatts (kW) in 2026 and 800 kW in 2028, informed the European Parliament in a statement collected by Efe.
The charging stations for trucks and buses will have to be installed on half of the main roads in the EU by 2028, with an initial power of 1,400 kW that will go up to 2,800 kW depending on the road, reaching a charging point at least every 200 kilometers by 2031.
The new rules, designed to facilitate the transition to zero-emission vehicles, the only ones that can be marketed in the EU from 2035, also make room for hydrogen, requiring hydrogen generators every 200 kilometers on the main roads.
“The Use of More Sustainable, Renewable, and Efficient Energy Solutions The TRANSPORTATION SECTOR WILL HELP REDUCE GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS AND AIR POLLUTION, Improve the Quality of Life of Citizens, and Create New High-Quality Jobs,” said the chief negotiator of the file in the European Parliament, the Bulgarian Social Democrat Petar Vitanov.
The European Parliament approved by 514 votes in favor, 52 against and 74 abstentions the file on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure. And it also validated the new regulations on Sustainable Maritime Fuels by 55 yeses 48 noes and 25 abstentions to acquire official status.
The second text seeks to promote more ecological maritime fuels, requiring ships to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in the energy they use. Ships weighing more than 5,000 tons of cargo, which are responsible for 90% of CO2 emissions from the maritime sector, will be required to reduce 2% in 2025, compared to 2020, and 80% aa from 2050.
Those requirements will apply “to all energy used on board in or between EU ports, as well as 50% of energy used on voyages where the port of departure or arrival is outside the EU or in the regions outermost regions of the EU”, specified the Eucorámara.
They will be used “to all the energy used on board in or between EU ports”
In addition, and from 2030, while they are moored in dock, they will have to run on electricity and will have to carry at least 2% of renewable fuels of biological origin (RFNBO, for its acronym in English) if by 2031 the European Commission detects that these account for less than 1% of refueling.
“The new rules reinforced, by far, the most ambitious path in the world to decarbonise maritime transport,” stressed the rapporteur for the text in the European Parliament, the popular Swede Jörgen Warborn, who assured that the new regulations make “Europe a pioneer in creating demand for sustainable fuels and fostering innovation”.
Once the Council has approved both laws, the alternative fuels infrastructure rules will be used from six months after they come into force, and the sustainable marine fuels rules will be used from January 1, 2025.