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The feminist magazine that they tried to steal to stop it from talking about Patronage for Women

14.05.202013.05.202205
The image is collected in the work “Boarding Schools of Fear”.

This week, Emakunde, the Basque Women’s Institute, awarded the award they give each year to projects or people that promote equality in Euskadi. In this case, they wanted to reward journalists for their gender perspective. They divided the prize between Lucia Martinez Odriozola posthumously, the Berria newspaper and the Pikara Magazine, to which I belong. We’re lucky, yes!

In total, there were several very pleasant days to explain that no, that we are not the first, and even more so, we are engaged in journalism with a gender approach. From El Pensil Gaditano, an 1856 newspaper considered the first feminist in character, to Vindicación feminista, a seventies magazine that delighted thousands of women who at that time were just beginning to organize in the Spanish state, the hundreds of women journalists they created their own. own titles to contribute to social transformation.

Bego, a feminist activist and resident of the area, brought me her entire collection of Feminist Vindication copies to the offices of Pikara Magazine when she learned of my interest in the historical memory of the movement. I now preserve, with a delicacy I don’t usually display, virtually all copies of this magazine, published between 1976 and 1979. The truth is that each of its issues is full of wonderful articles in which the staff who created the magazine are dedicated to denouncing the situation of inequality and vulnerability in which Spanish women find themselves. They wrote dozens of lyrics, but one particularly touched me.

On September 1, 1977, the 15th issue of the magazine was published. It cost 100 pesetas and the director was Carmen Major. This number, or rather number 15, received a kidnapping order. What did they dare to publish? report entitled Patronage in defense of women: the factory of the subnormal. The text is devastating and is probably one of the texts of the time that more crudely explained what the Board of Trustees meant and what implications it had for women’s lives. A perverted institution, directly linked to the regime, which served for years as a mechanism for repression and control over women.

Journalist Magda Oranić, also a victim of the center, says in a “famous” report by one of the nuns, who kindly explained that she did not need a degree or special knowledge to treat the girls she worked with (sic): “I know these girls better any psychiatrist. I question them, counsel them and treat them. Only in very rare cases do I have to give them electric shocks.”

But he continues: “In the first conversations with them, I learn about their past, although some lie to me, and then it is necessary to examine them gynecologically. First of all, to find out if they are virgins or not. To find out if they have sinned. … Because there is a big difference in the treatment of one or the other.”

Oranić admits that despite the fact that it was very difficult to get into the center she entered in Barcelona, ​​she was treated well. He was in Buen Pastor, one of the Admirers’ penitentiaries in Barcelona.

The survivors told the horror film in the same report: “If you are obedient and take the orders of women, you must pretend that we have become idiots. We imitate the gestures and voice of twelve-year-old girls. , pretend to be childish whims, and then we are rewarded with dolls and sweets.

In the text, Magda Oranić also exposes that lesbians who fell into the hands of the Council were subjected to psychiatric treatment. It is likely that there were all those lesbians who, in theory and only in theory, were not so repressed under Franco. The journalist denounced that you can fall under the care of the Council for many reasons, and said, for example, that a fascist father gave up his daughter in desperation because he did not want to have a Pasionaria home. He also warned of the forced labor that inmates were subjected to and the vast fortunes amassed by some religious orders that employed hundreds and hundreds of women. Nobody likes a writer and a journalist Consuelo Garcia Cid He knows how they worked so well and describes them rudely: “They were not interested in academic preparation. Patronato centers were places of punishment and free work. The prisoners were doing forced labor.”

The report hit the newsstands.

Carmen Guillen Lorente, author of a doctoral dissertation Council for the Protection of Women: Prostitution, Morality and State Intervention during the Franco Regime, says that when the police arrived at the distributor’s premises, the magazine was already being distributed. The Women’s Defense Council condemned them. In addition, they used one of their main propaganda mechanisms, the newsletters they publish, to continue the hysteria: “We do not want to leave unanswered the huge inaccuracies that are thrown into the said article, and also warn, once again, to all members of our institution in the daily and periodical press, without any foundation and with vicious, bad style and perverted intention that could not be more obvious.”

Aviasa.

Pick up your noses.



Source: blogs.publico.es

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