All received observation data is transmitted online to the Center for monitoring the state of permafrost, created on the basis of the AARI.
Measurements are made automatically in a 25-meter-deep well, inside which there are 32 sensors, the distance of which is from 10 centimeters to 2 meters. The whole team is Russian.
The monitoring system will be implemented on the basis of Roshydromet stations. This year 20 observation points will be opened and another 120 in 2024 and 2025. The distribution density of the observation points will comply with the recommendations of the World Meteorological Organization to count frozen rocks.
As Alexander Makarov, Director of AARI, noted, “The integrated monitoring network will provide a constant stream of data on the state of the permafrost. Continuous temperature measurements will identify areas of greatest melting and consequently the risk to civil facilities and industrial..”
Based on the data received from the observation points, maps will be prepared showing the dynamics of the ongoing changes. It will be possible to make forecasts of the possible consequences that permafrost thawing processes bring with them.
It is important that the measurements obtained are available not only to AARI scientists, but also to all interested organizations whose activities are related to being in the so-called permafrost zone.
Read an interview with Alexander Makarov, director of AARI, about this and other strategic projects in the field of Arctic exploration, in the next issue of Rossiyskaya Gazeta.