Regions could make a decision on the transition to uniform standards for the consumption of utilities (taking into account the design features of houses) before the end of 2016, and the actual transition to them – until the beginning of 2024. The period The validity of the approved standards must be at least three years.
However, since March a government decree has come into force that clarifies the procedure for establishing standards for thermal energy consumption (for heating and water heating). The calculation of a sample of houses was clarified, the formula for determining the standard in residential premises was changed and the possibility of using an analogue method was provided (when the standard is calculated taking into account the actual consumption in houses of the same design with meters ). To carry out a correct sampling of houses and establish standards in accordance with these rules, the regions need at least one year, the explanatory note notes.
When uniform standards are established, a significant increase in citizens’ payments for heating, water supply and sanitation is expected, notes the Ministry of Construction. It is necessary to adapt such a mechanism to the regular increase in the cost of public services within the established permissible increase in citizens’ payments for public services. The postponement will reduce the risk of social tension.
It is proposed to postpone the introduction of uniform standards until the beginning of 2025. This will avoid a sharp increase in rents (mainly for heating) in houses where there are no meters.
Currently, 48 regions have introduced uniform standards for all types of public services. At the same time, in three regions (Voronezh region, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Republic of North Ossetia – Alania) an increase in heating tariffs is observed.
20 regions reported to the Ministry of Construction that the transition to unified standards was not completed due to the fact that, after their calculation, a significant increase in citizens’ tariffs for public services was predicted. The Komi Republic proposed to extend the deadline until the beginning of 2026 or to provide for a procedure for the region to independently determine uniform weighted average heating standards (without differentiating by design, technical parameters and degree of improvement) in order to avoid an increase Heating rates for citizens living in low-rise housing. When calculating the standard, the authorities of the Oryol region proposed not to differentiate it according to the number of floors of buildings, as this would negatively affect the well-being of residents, as well as consider the possibility of providing subsidies from the federal budget for the facility. of heat meters in low-rise apartment buildings.