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HomeLatest NewsThe northern regions have not yet revealed their transport potential - Rossiyskaya...

The northern regions have not yet revealed their transport potential – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

Date: July 18, 2024 Time: 13:56:29

During the XIV International Conference “Trilogy” (Transport. Investment. Logistics), held on the sidelines of SPIEF-2024, experts stated that the Northwest logistics sector as a whole has overcome the main challenges of sanctions and has entered the stage safe growth.

Thus, in the first quarter of 2024 the cargo volume of the Greater Port of Saint Petersburg amounted to 13.4 million tons, 39.7 percent more than in the same period last year. Business interest is growing in routes connecting Russian ports in the Gulf of Finland with ports in Southeast and South Asia, as well as with the African continent. Rail transport in the northwest of Russia has also increased its volume. In the first five months of 2024, 484.1 thousand loaded and empty TEU (TEU) containers were transported along the Oktyabrskaya railway (OZD), 1.7 times more than in the same period of 2023. They transported 5.5 million tons of cargo, 1.8 times more than in the same period of the previous year. The largest increase came from the transportation of fertilizers (3.4 times), automobiles and components (2.7 times), oil and oil products (1.8 times).

At the same time, as noted by the director of the Oktyabrskaya Railway, Viktor Golomolzin, there remains an imbalance in cargo on the transport corridors passing through the northwest. Thus, within the framework of the West-East international transport corridor, which connects Europe with China, during the five months of this year, in addition to the same period in 2023, the Railways transported 211 thousand containers. A good driver was the container transportation of automobile components from China to St. Petersburg Avtozavod. In the near future, the cargo will go to other automobile companies in Russia and Belarus. The volume of fish and seafood transportation from the Far East has also increased.

The Northern Sea Route also remains promising for railway workers. As the head of Railways said, logistical capacities for containers delivered through the Grand Port of St. Petersburg along the NSR are reserved by companies three months before the ship’s journey. Unfortunately, the North-South ITC, which is the most promising in the new geopolitical conditions, remains underutilized, although here too, in January-May 2024, the increase in cargo turnover amounted to almost 17 percent. This corridor has helped shippers mitigate the risks of shipping through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea.

Recall that St. Petersburg is the northernmost point of the North-South ITC, which has become an alternative to the traditional sea route from Europe to Asia.

As noted by the head of the North-West section of the International Transport Academy, Yuri Chizhkov, in 2023 the total volume of export-import traffic along the three routes of the North-South ITC amounted to 17.6 million tons, which is not much in comparison. to the total volume of Russian foreign trade. According to the plans of the Russian government, it is planned to develop the capacity of this corridor until 2030 (up to 30 million tons and up to 35 million tons) until 2035.

Today, the development of the North-South international transport corridor is hampered by a number of logistical problems. These include railway infrastructures in need of modernization in Derbent (Russia), Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Iran, the low capacity of Caspian ports and the shortage of cargo ships and ferries in the Caspian Sea. Several countries and carriers remain fearful of secondary Western sanctions: for example, some goods are not allowed to pass through Azerbaijan under various pretexts. Although even the existing ICT infrastructure is underutilized, many Russian carriers, out of habit, transport goods from St. Petersburg to India along long sea routes, ignoring the safe land route.

To change the situation, it is necessary to carry out explanatory work with potential customers, says Maxim Losev, director of the St. Petersburg branch of Russian Railways Logistics JSC. He noted the important role of the North-South international transport corridor in balancing the risks that shipping has had in recent years. “Rail transport has always been distinguished by reliability and cargo safety. It is important to be able to offer this service to customers at balanced prices,” says Losev. According to him, the most convenient today is the eastern route of the MTK, along which wagons already arrive to Iran and the ports of the Indian Ocean not only from Moscow and St. Petersburg, but also from the Urals, and the next is Siberia. online. With the help of this corridor it is also planned to develop transport to the countries of East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.

With the growth of cargo rotation in a south and southeast direction, new opportunities will open up at the northern end of the corridor. According to Yulia Zvorykina, vice-rector of the Russian State University of Geological Prospecting named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, northwest Russia should become a large transport hub that will connect the international North-South transport corridor with the Sea Route of the North and inland waterways. of Russia, in which foreign partners are showing increasing interest.

Yuri Chizhkov, for his part, sees the North-South ITC as a window to export traditional goods from the Northwest. “These are lumber, sawn timber, plywood, paper and chemical fertilizers – these are two types of cargo that need to be shipped and whose consumers are actually in Southeast Asia and Africa,” says Chizhkov. And St. Petersburg, according to him, could also make an intellectual contribution to the development of this corridor by participating in the design and construction of new ships for the Caspian Sea.

According to experts, the Northwest has faced the main challenges of the sanctions.

Despite the pressure of Western sanctions and attempts to lock Russia into the Baltic, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region, with their ports and other logistics facilities, remain key regions of Russia for the transportation of almost all cargo. , especially export and import, said Vice President of the St. Petersburg Higher School of Economics Alexander Khodachek. In addition, the northern capital is the center of formation of Russian policy in the Arctic.

“Here the training of personnel is maintained, here is the oldest hydrographic company, which provides navigation along the entire NSR. What is related to geology, hydrometeorology, all this is also in St. Petersburg,” Khodachek noted. in his comment to RG. “If we look at the strategic development programs, we see that a large number of projects, 70-80, or even 100 percent, are related to St. Petersburg.” The unique capabilities of the St. Petersburg region will also be in demand for the development of the international North-South transport corridor, says the specialist. A good result should be achieved through an intermodality system that provides for the combination of capacities and the mandatory coordination of rail, road, sea and river transport actions.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.
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