The Spanish transition will leave the name of dead sense compared to other similar processes recorded in Europe. In total, it is estimated that 630 people will die at the hands of rebel groups, the Ultres or the Aparels de l’Estat. In particular, 134 series of reasons for David Ballester the phenomenon of “institutional violence”. Documents Així ho Other Victims: Police Violence During the Transition (1975–1982), a study published by Sapiens magazine in which an assistant and doctor of modern history from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) collects fitks of all the victims. now it denounces the dramatic consequences that will have if the repressive structures that come from the dictatorship are not cleansed.
To what extent, as Illusion claims, the Spanish transition will not be peaceful or exemplary?
Ho reveals the number of deaths, because to the group of 498 causes of terrorism signe divers – from ETA to grups ultres – we must add 134 institutional violence, of which the majority will be produced by police cases and in one case of the young anarchist Agustín Rueda for civil servants of the presons. This magma shows that, unlike the bondat, which belong to that period, the Transition will not be peaceful, and therefore not exemplary.
Use the term “institutional violence” rather than other terms. For what reason?
I believe that any other meaning followed by “state terrorism” or “state violence aimed at subjugating the opposition to the regime” is precisely incorrect, since there was no premeditated strategy of the authorities to combat political dissent. The proof is that violence is used habitually and daily, no matter what the victim followed. Molts are undoubtedly working, but in a group of affected people, pes d’aquest collectiu is negligible.
Of the identified deaths, 38 were due to police action on the street, 5 were due to torture, and 91 were due to anomalous “light biscuits”. What is it about?
“A light cookie is the misuse of weapons by government agents in a variety of situations”
This is the misuse of weapons by agents of the world in a variety of situations. I, d’aquestes 91 morts, només 8 have political references; the rest are anonymous citizens, from a woman who spoke for a while during the police harassment of some ETA members, others who were shot by the Civil Guard for not being flunked at a checkpoint, even with them during a discussion of veins or to a nightclub bar. They are called by agents of mal commandats, of which 25% commit les morts off duty, on the run or at night. Holidays become so commonplace that in just a month and a half in 1981, these young people die in nightclubs, from which the population returns to normal, and the relatives of the victims remain completely ignorant.
Why do you submit to this arbitrary course of action?
This explains why the modus operandi of a dictatorship is shifting towards democracy rather than a purge of their core commands. The most sinister aspects of the previous period are not so simple, as they show that some of the tormentors are in high places in the leadership of the police department. Thus, in addition to changing the color of the uniform – in 1978 it changed from gray to brown – a sequel is created that will have dramatic consequences in terms of police violence. But the fact is that, with the exception of the extreme left wing and basic independence, the demand for the dissolution of these units is also not on the agenda of the great parties, and not only the PSOE or PCE.
Didn’t they know the problem was with the first UCD government?
“Rodolfo Martín Villa explains in his seven memoirs that the agents of the Politico-Social Brigade created by Franco in 1941 are his millers.”
Suarez’s goal is to control the police to ensure the Transition is carried out. I did not limit the bad conscience so much, which was riddled with people who violated human rights. Of course, the former Minister of the Interior at the time of the execution of Arias Navarro, Rodolfo Martin Villa, who became Minister of the Interior in 1979, explains in his memoirs that the agents of the Politico-Social Brigade created by Franco in 1941 are the Millors that he has. I tot això s’afegeix is the great alibi that allowed this and subsequent executions not to affect res: l’existència d’ETA.
It was inscribed in this logic that the majority of the judges of the Francoist Tribunal of the Public Order (TOP) continue sin operant dins de l’Audiència Nacional?
No sols això: in trasllats dins de l’escalafó contests, a civil servant who has the TOP format part is devé un mèrit. In the same way that participation in the Socio-Political Brigade is a merit, the members of the quals are col·loca in the new structure. For example, the point is to force the cas d’Agustín Rueda, in which the officials who are going to kill him are going to get his labor rights back under the protection of Landelino Lavilla, Minister of Justice of Alésos UCD.
The goal, gentlemen, was to have sole control over the various estate resorts?
“We will not disturb the mon cap cas, in which the first president of a democratic state was the last general secretary of the party that dominated the previous regime.”
Això is non-negotiable. Let’s not forget, per això, the famous photo of you at a meeting of a unique party celebrated in 1965 in Mota del Cuervo, a small municipality in the southwest of Cuenca: hello, Fernando Herrero Tejedor, Falangist conegut and leader of the Movement, has arrived, I darrere tres joves in a blava shirt. Who are these young people? Adolfo Suarez, Martin Villa and Juan José Rozon. In other words, two people who, during the five fixed years of the transitional period, will have the Minister of Administration and the Interior and Suárez, the first President of Democracy, in their seves seves mans. An unheard of event, as we will not be able to see the first president of a democratic state become the last general secretary of the party that dominated the previous regime. Continuity with Francoism is largely obvious.
See, won’t you be surprised that the name of abuse is still so high?
Xifre are cruel. Because the sun in any year of the Transition produces dead materials that between 1969 and Franco’s death in 1975. Només això ja shows the poor sensitivity of the governors – first from the UCD and then from the PSOE and PP – towards institutional victims. Remember that the General Reserve Companies, created by the Franco regime to suppress street dissent and committing genuine barbaric acts, are not going to be disbanded at the end of 1989.
Do agents feel sympathy and protection?
“mb prou feines va ver-hi conseqüències penals pels que van commit crims”
Completely, because both criminals will have criminal consequences for those who will commit crimes. I guess fossin jutjats is just being indulgent. There have been such egregious cases as the civil guard who killed Gladys del Estal in Tudela every year in 1979, received a year and a half in prison, he will not care and for more mockery he will be awarded the population mateixa of Navarre is going to cause the death of an environmental activist. I tot plegat, s’afegeix l’aquiescència am l’estol de policy i serveis secretes, who are going to form black conspiracies dedicated to the persecution of dissent, against which the government itself will act when it sees that they can disrupt the Transition. . Meanwhile, it will allow them to act and summon without whoever is considered collateral victims.
Do you know how long this repressive spiral will last?
Amb PSOE turns out to be more commendable as, through the Llei de Forces i Cossos de Seguretat de l’Estat of 1986, it restricts light biscuits, force in demonstrations and makes sure that the torture continues in a more sophisticated way. Faces that, under the leadership of Minister José Barrionuevo, hi haurà nous promotions and awards to the police accused of torture. The decision, which malgrat aixecar polseguera among the anti-Franco militants, will not determine the policy of the government. We can say, gentlemen, that the police shadow of the Franco regime prolongs the fins avui, if it would also be unfair to say that the current police are the same, because they do not kill and do not have a dose of cruelty d’alechora.
How many deaths are left to clear the Transition?
“The hardest thing is the oblivion experienced by the victims”
Hello, there is a gray area that some questions are planned to be about, but due to institutional violence, they will talk as much as possible about some cases. The most painful is the oblivion experienced by the victims, the orders to torpedo the case opened to Argentina against the crimes of the Franco regime, or the fact that the Llei de Secrets Oficiales, dating from 1968, does not allow access to certain policy files. L’opacitat i la impunitat stands before l’arrosseguem.
*The article has been translated based on the content of www.publico.es. If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!
*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.
*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!