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The rate hike raises the cost of commercial debt for SMEs to 2,400 million

Date: July 19, 2024 Time: 23:41:48

The increase in the cost of credit has caused the cost of commercial debt for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to have grown to almost reach 2,400 million euros in the second quarter of this year, with figures close to doubling what was registered in the same year. period of 2022.

Of this amount, some 1,291 million euros correspond to ordinary debt, while the rest, some 1,075 million euros, would be the financial cost of the debt due to late payment, according to what the employers’ association Cepyme has pointed out in its Delinquency Observatory.

In total, the cost faced by the companies this second quarter has corresponded to an annualized total of 2,366 million euros. In addition to assuming an increase of 98.5% compared to the previous year, this figure is the highest reached since 2009.

The rise in credit increases the debt

The total commercial debt (ordinary and delinquent) of the SMEs as a whole, which caused the high financial cost associated with the increase in the cost of credit, exceeded 180,000 million euros in the second quarter, of which close to 70,000 million euros corresponded to companies . medium-sized companies, 12% more than a year earlier, while micro and small companies added a commercial debt of 110,000 million euros, 5.5% more.

According to the Cepyme report, the financial effort related to the normal tranche of commercial debt (1,291 million euros) tripled for SMEs, totaling almost 1,300 million euros. However, the worst part was taken by medium-sized companies, with a year-on-year increase of 258%, compared to an increase of 175% for small and micro-enterprises.

Regarding the delinquent part of the commercial debt, the financial effort experienced a more contained progress because, according to Cepyme, for both small and medium-sized companies, payment terms were reduced, although not for micro-enterprises.

For SMEs as a whole, the cost of default amounted to almost 1,100 million euros in the second quarter, 40.8% more than a year earlier and the second highest since September 2010, only surpassed by the data from first quarter of 2023.

Cepyme denounces that to this increase in the cost of delinquency for SMEs must be added the rise in other costs, such as energy and labor, as well as the effects of inflation, “which reduce their profitability and their ability to negotiate to access the necessary financing in a context of more expensive money as a result of the increase in interest rates”.

Lower the average payment period to 81.3 days

The quarterly report of the Cepyme Default Observatory confirms that the average payment period (PMP) in commercial operations between companies maintained its downward trend in the second quarter of the year, although at a more attenuated rate than in previous periods.

Thus, the PMP stood between the months of April and June at 81.3 days, compared to 82.1 days in the previous quarter, which makes it the lowest PMP for this period since 2017, but still well above the legal maximum period. . of 60 days established by law.

“The reduction of the PMP from the end of 2021 is the result of the reaction of companies to the environment of high inflation in a double way: on the one hand, shortening the collection periods avoids the reduction of the real value of pending collections caused by the Inflation and, on the other, it is a way of avoiding the increase in financial cost caused by the increase in interest rates on commercial debt,” explains Cepyme.

Despite the general reduction in the PMP, the average payment period increased in large companies in the second quarter to 87.4 days, which is 41.3 days more than in the same quarter of the previous year.

Cepyme attributes this strong rebound due to the “base effect” that involves comparing the second quarter of this year with the same of 2022, a period in which the PMP was abnormally low. “Large companies have modified their payment and collection policy by changing the context of interest rates, which are no longer negative,” says the employer.

Among SMEs, medium-sized companies had the highest PMP in the second quarter, with 89.9 days, while small companies registered the lowest PMP, with 79.4 days, followed by micro-enterprises, with 81 days.

By autonomous communities, the average payment period increased in interannual terms in eight autonomous communities and in Ceuta and Melilla. The maximum difference between the average payment periods of the different autonomous communities reached 25.9 days in the second quarter when comparing the highest PMP, that of Murcia (95.7 days), with the least pronounced, that of Castilla y Leon (69.8 days). ).

According to Cepyme, 29.5% of invoices were paid on time in the second quarter, so seven of each were paid late. Large companies paid 14.2% of the invoices they received on time, compared to 49% in the case of micro-enterprises, 46% in small companies and 29.4% in medium-sized ones.

The average payment period is reduced in the four major sectors of activity in the second quarter, although all of them are above the legal period of 60 days. In industry, the PMP fell to 77.3 days, 3.8 days less than in the same period of the previous year and the lowest historical record for this sector.

However, this data in the industry sector responds to the particular behavior of the electricity, gas and water subsector. In fact, the average PMP of the industrial sector, excluding this subsector, reached 83.1 days, with a year-on-year increase of 3.8 days.

For their part, the agri-food and services sectors registered similar average payment periods, of 73.9 and 73.5 days, respectively. In construction, the PMP stood at 97.3 days, with a year-on-year reduction of 1.5 days.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.
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