Spain installed 18,128 charging points for electric cars last 2022 in line with the decarbonisation objective set by the European Union. Although the implementation of the points is 35% more than in the previous year, it is far from the 45,000 fixed target to be met during the last year to cover the goals of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan ( pniec).
According to the Electromobility Barometer of the Anfac manufacturer employers’ association, the indicator that assesses the penetration of electrified vehicles and the installation of public charging infrastructures in national territory stood at 15.3 points, considerably lower than the average of European countries, 33.7 points.
The growth of the electrified, slow and insufficient
In this way, Spain closes 2022 “in the caboose of electrification in Europe” together with Hungary, the Czech Republic or Italy, against the push of Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and even Portugal. All the autonomous communities showed a slight increase, despite the slow development of the charging infrastructure and the entry of electrified people, with Madrid in the lead, with 21.5 points out of 100, followed by Navarra, with 18.7, and Catalonia, with 18.5.
In 2022, the penetration indicator of the electrified vehicle will lose an average assessment of 23.2 points, a score with which Spain is positioned in the third from last place in the Electromobility Barometer classification.
The European average, on the other hand, achieved an increase of 7.4 points, double that of Spain, standing at 51.2 points. However, it reflects the uneven pace in countries such as Germany, Norway or the Netherlands, with growth above 10 points that take them to the lead.
During the last year, Spain -with an increase of 17.1% and 78,316 electrified cars- has increased the rate of entry into the market, but it has not been possible to reach the minimum milestone of 120,000 new registrations, necessary to achieve your emissions reduction by 2030. Madrid remains at the top of the ranking with 37.6 points, well above the national average, followed by Navarra and Catalonia, although the advances of Aragon and Castilla-La Mancha stand out.
In the penultimate position in public access infrastructure
In addition, Spain continues to fail to accelerate the pace of development of public access charging infrastructure, which has led it to occupy the last positions in the European ranking with 7.3 points out of 100. On the contrary, Anfac highlights the record of the evolution in Portugal, which has risen from the bottom of the ranks to above the European average.
Specifically, the public access charging infrastructure in Spain reached 18,128 points in 2022, 4,717 more, insufficient to reach the 45,000 expected for that year. At the current rate, it will be difficult to achieve the goals set by the Government, which set for 2023 between 80,000 and 100,000 public access charging points and 250,000 electrified vehicles, warns the association.
Electrification as a requirement
Anfac urges to install fast points, above 22 kilowatts (kW), which allow reducing times, since only 21% of the infrastructure meets this condition, and only 1.4% allows charging at 250 kW or more, which would mean recharging in less than fifteen minutes.
“Electrification is a requirement, especially after the ban on combustion vehicles by 2035, but the results show that the level of demand is not going according to the measures,” said the general director of Anfac, José López-Tafall, that he has called to act “from now” so that the change is an opportunity “and not a real risk” for the industry and its employment.