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HomeLatest NewsThe remains of 49 victims of Francoism were found in the Viznar...

The remains of 49 victims of Francoism were found in the Viznar Gorge, which is believed to have contained García Lorca.

Date: October 2, 2022 Time: 20:12:59

A new phase of excavation and exhumation, which an interdisciplinary team led by the University of Granada (UGR) carried out on site from April to last Wednesday in the Viznar Gorge in the Granada metropolitan area, has made it possible to recover the remains. of the 49 victims of Francoist repression, of which 20 were identified as women.

Francisco Carrión Méndez, professor at the Department of Prehistory and Archeology at the University of Granada, told Europa Press that he is in charge of the work, which is now under laboratory analysis at a mill in the same municipality of Viznar, provided by the city council.

According to conducted and documented historical research, graves from the Civil War and the post-war period have not yet been exhumed in 13 municipalities of the province of Granada. Among them are the graves in the Viznar ravine, which can accommodate more than 300 victims.

As regards the results in Viznar, the appearance of the remains of female bodies stands out, on the one hand in a pit of twelve, and on the other of six, to which two more are added in another area where scientists worked. UGR, who indicated that they “confirm” what some historical sources indicate, and who, on the other hand, suggest that “new ones must appear”.

Carrión Mendes also confirmed that a meeting of all team members is being prepared by the end of November to plan the next campaign with new excavations and exhumations in 2023, presumably in the same area of ​​the Viznar Gorge. and in Padula. It will also intervene in the place of Caracolara with regard to the neighboring municipality of Alfacar, for which assistance has been requested from the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces.

In the footsteps of Dioscoro Galindo… and Lorca

As part of the same project, and without a start date, after three unsuccessful attempts, the remains of the teacher Dioscoro Galindo will be searched for, in accordance with the request of his adopted granddaughter, Nieves Garcia Catalan. The fact that he was one of the associates of Federico Garcia Lorca, whose murder had just turned 86, adds to the relevance of this search, although for the investigators who will work on it in parallel in the Viznar Gorge and Caracolare, all the victims are just as important.

“It is indisputable that the Lorca problem exists,” but “we have registered at least 300 people” who are known to have “disappeared” and whose remains may be in these places, according to what has been studied, according to Carrión. Mendez, historians such as Rafael Gil Bracero or the Granada Association for the Restoration of Historical Memory, which is collaborating with UGR on this project.

In this sense, we are talking about the “exhumation” of the maximum number of victims, starting from the base that at the moment it is “impossible to know for sure” where Federico’s remains are most likely to be. In general, at least six or seven graves are expected to be excavated in Karakolar, as well as those not yet discovered in the gorge, some of which have yet to be discovered.

Personal belongings and leftover clothing

As for the work, which is now being analyzed in the laboratory, in early July, when the remains of 39 victims of Francoism had already been exhumed, some personal belongings and remains of clothing were also found. There are pocket watches, medicine bottles, and buttons and similar red shoe soles, suggesting that some of them may have been workers at the El Fargue gunpowder and explosives factory.

It has been excavated from three enclaves that make up the most important core of graves in the gorge, where about 200 victims have been documented. The field work was carried out in parallel with the forensic anthropology research at Wiznar’s lab, and samples were taken to identify DNA and compare it with nearly 70 families who claim that their loved ones are in this place.

Along with this, methods of 3D reconstruction of craniocerebral remains are used in order to be able to identify victims based on photographs provided by relatives. Carrión Méndez then expressed his satisfaction that the intervention was finally taking place in this place, one of the most emblematic in the historical memory of the province of Granada, and although “we arrived late, the light is beginning to see” and to honor the victims.

With these works in Viznar scheduled until the end of September, this year’s project, which had an estimated budget of €150,000, will be considered complete, requiring a “real investment” of around €135,000, including eight research contracts. for six months.

These are funds from the Ministry of Presidential Affairs, Liaison with the Courts and Democratic Memory, which are distributed among Andalusian universities for memorial projects through the government of Andalusia. As for the project agreed with the UGR for this year, the budget is practically the same as last year.

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