In order to meet the objectives set within the 2022-2030 Strategic Plan on Disability, the Ministry of Social Rights and the 2030 Agenda has announced increases, ranging between 100 and 200 euros, intended to meet the needs of people covered by the Law of the Dependency. However, the great rise in inflation and the increase in costs of all kinds have made the treatments that these people need increasingly difficult to afford, creating a scenario in which psychotherapeutic needs ‘eat’ the aid and reduced the economic capacity of families.
Currently, according to the AROPE 2022 report, in 17.9% of Spanish households there is at least one member of the family unit with some type of disability, but only 19% of these people have received monetary benefits during the last twelve. This means that only 23.3% of Spaniards with a permanent disability have received the dependency benefit. In this way, the average income per person reflects a difference that has worsened to 5.4% between citizens with some type of disability and the rest of Spaniards.
To talk about precariousness in terms of disability, we must take into account a socioeconomic context in which factors such as specialized access to the educational system, coverage of health needs, specialized treatments for correct medical follow-up of prostheses, the nutrition, early prevention of health risks, personal assistance or labor insertion policies. In short, a large number of actions must be allocated to the care and attention of these people.
However, due to inflation, the treatments that are needed are increasingly difficult to cover and today it is very difficult for the pocket of these families to find a way to solve these needs in an integral way that does not reduce the quality in care of these people covered by the Dependency Law.
The labor market and intellectual disability
As if that were not enough, the bad economic situation caused by the Covid-19 pandemic has reduced the hiring of people with disabilities by 30% since AROPE began recording this data, creating a scenario in which associations such as Plena Inclusion have had to sue the Minister of Finance and Public Function, María Jesús Montero, for an improvement in access to employment, both in the public and private sectors.
People with intellectual disabilities are the ones with the most barriers in Spain when it comes to applying for a job in the public sector. Despite the fact that 2% of the places offered guarantee a reservation, since this regulation was carried out in 2012, only 711 places of this nature have been offered, to which more than 13,000 applicants have applied, according to Plena Inclusion. In this context, the president of the association, Carmen Laucirica, has requested that the Ministry “promote new opportunities so that access to the right to employment improves substantially for people with intellectual disabilities, both in the private and public sectors “.
Currently, the labor sector made up of workers with some type of disability has grown by 24% since the great drop suffered in 2020. It is not meeting the hiring prospects it had for people with disabilities within public employment.
Even with the future increases in the items for dependency, the State must improve its employment policies so that people with intellectual disabilities can access public employment with the same opportunities as the rest of the opponents, since, according to complaints from the sector, this system has been collapsed since 2018
15.7% of these employees live at risk of falling into poverty due to the imbalance between the salaries received and the expenses to which they are irreversibly subject. In addition, since 2008 the number of unemployed people with disabilities has risen a total of 11.8 percentage points, according to AROPE.
Aid against deterioration
In this context, the increases in dependency come at a time when people with some type of disability are subject to a greater risk of poverty, since, since 2015, the rate of people with disabilities in that state has it has increased from 20.5% to 23.1%, a figure that AROPE contrasts with the general records of the rest of Spaniards in which the rate has improved a total of 1.7 percentage points.
Regarding young people with disabilities, the poverty figure has reached 24.5% in recent years, since the humblest incomes cannot bear the costs of having an intellectual or physical disability of 65% or more. . Likewise, older people of retirement age who have disabilities suffer from poverty 54.4% more than the data from 2015.
These figures show the need to increase benefits for dependency, since facing the rise in medical treatments.
On the other hand, personal assistance is an indispensable resource for many families. Dependency benefits provide a source of income that allows them to hire these caregivers who work within the home. However, because the regional regulation model is obsolete, it is increasingly difficult to establish this type of contract, therefore, the price of these services and labor agreements are not fully regulated and prevent many families from Get this extra help.
In short, dependency benefits are a fundamental aspect to support the integration of people who need it most. But from this social field they remember that to fight against inequality we must integrate new policies that go beyond symbolically raising monthly payments. Integration facing difficult times in Spain and we cannot allow disability to remain unprotected in the face of the new economic panorama so conditioned by inflation and imbalances between supply and demand. Therefore, it is considered essential that this proportional increase in dependency be approved and reassessed over time without further political discussions that contaminate social care.