hit tracker
Monday, March 4, 2024
HomeLatest NewsThe USSR left Africa behind power plants, factories and universities. Therefore,...

The USSR left Africa behind power plants, factories and universities. Therefore, there and now they believe in Russia.

Date: March 4, 2024 Time: 00:48:06

aswan aqueduct

Photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS

The Russians have always had a reverent and very friendly attitude towards Africa. Even despite the well-known children’s horror story from Chukovsky’s fairy tale: “do not go, children, for a walk in Africa.” After all, Russia has never been involved in the slave trade or the colonization of Africa. Unlike developed western countries.

As for the Soviet Union, it is the USSR that has great merit in the liberation of African countries from the colonial yoke: France and Great Britain in 1960 were against the adoption of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to the Colonial Countries and Peoples, but under pressure from the USSR, this document was adopted by the UN, which gave a powerful impetus to the liberation of Africa.

The scale of Soviet assistance to young and independent African countries is impressive: hydroelectric and thermal power plants, oil refineries, metallurgical and machine-building plants were built on the Black Continent, geological explorations were carried out, hospitals were built , schools and universities. Opened; Soviet doctors, teachers, geologists and engineers worked in Africa. With the participation of Soviet specialists, more than 600 enterprises were opened on the mainland! On the eve of the International Day of Africa, Komsomolskaya Pravda recalled what material evidence of friendship between our people and the African.

Aswan hydroelectric complex (Egypt)

This largest structural hydroelectric system on the African continent has become one of the largest in the world. The Soviet engineers and builders involved in its construction competed fiercely with British and American specialists, who were enticed by the Egyptian government to implement the project. Approximately 750 thousand tons of materials and equipment produced at more than 300 Soviet enterprises were delivered from the USSR to Egypt. And for more than half a century, the Aswan hydroelectric power station has supplied Egypt with electricity, and the dam protects against flooding and regulates irrigation of the land in the Nile Valley, where 99% of Egypt’s population lives.

Bauxite mining complex (Guinea)

Having become one of the largest industrial facilities built in Africa with the help of the USSR, this complex was put into operation in 1974 in record time. It produced up to 3 million tons of bauxite per year, half of which went to repay a loan to Soviet companies, covering a third of the needs of aluminum plants in the Soviet Union. Now this plant belongs to the Russian corporation Rusal.

Hydroelectric power station “Kapanda” (Angola)

In addition to Angola and Russia, Brazil also participated in its design and construction. But it was the Soviet Union that had the main and most difficult part – the supply of equipment, the implementation of installation and launch operations. Now “Kapanda” is one of the three largest African hydroelectric power plants, generating an average of 3 billion kWh per year.

Hydroelectric power station “Kapanda”

Photo: wikimedia.org

Steel mills (Nigeria)

First, Soviet geologists found a rich iron ore deposit on Itakpe Hill in Nigeria. And the Nigerian government turned to the USSR with a request for help in building a metallurgical plant there. The Soviet Union took over the design, construction and installation work, as well as the supply of equipment for this undertaking. In addition, Nigerian specialists, engineers and metallurgists were trained in the USSR. By 1990, almost everything was ready for the launch of the company, but Nigeria decided to freeze the project.

Cement plant and gold mine (Mali)

The first cement plant in Mali, put into operation and built with the help of the USSR, immediately after launch caused a construction boom in Mali and neighboring countries. Built in 1970, it still produces excellent quality cement that is in high demand. Also in Mali, Soviet specialists explored and prepared the Kalana mine for gold extraction, the distinctive feature of which is that precious mineral is still mined at a depth of 200 m.

Extraction and processing plant (Republic of the Congo)

Soviet specialists, together with the Congolese, built a huge enterprise in Mfuati in just two years. It began to process the ore, producing up to 30 thousand tons of lead concentrate per year, part of which was exported to the USSR as payment for the loan received. It was Congolese lead that went a long way toward meeting the needs of the peaceful Soviet atom. Later, this plant became wholly owned by one of the local companies.

Melka Wakana Hydroelectric Power Station (Ethiopia)

Soviet-Ethiopian economic cooperation was carried out in as many as 65 areas. Thanks to the USSR, the first oil refinery appeared in Ethiopia (now it is located on the territory of independent Eritrea), four oil depots, a thermal power plant, a tractor plant and a polytechnic institute. As well as the Melka Wakana hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 153 megawatts. In addition to the HPP, the USSR also supplied power lines. Currently, the Inter RAO of Russia – Export, together with Ethiopian colleagues, are considering the possibility of modernizing this HPP.

East Coast Highway (Madagascar)

The towns of Antzapanana and Manuru, located on the coast of Madagascar, are the main settlements in the eastern part of this island nation. For centuries, they were connected by a dirt road, which fell into disrepair during the rainy season. Additionally, separate sections of this highway were separated by up to six ferry crossings. With the help of the USSR, the entire 245-kilometer route was turned into a paved road, replacing the crossings with specially designed bridges.

QUESTION EDGE

What’s up today?

Modern Africa in Russia is called the continent of new opportunities. Many African countries are known as “African lions” (by analogy with “Asian tigers”), as consumption growth increases, demand increases, and the middle class grows.

Russia supplies African countries with petroleum products, fertilizers, machine tools, chemicals, engineering, and agricultural products. Africans, in turn, welcome Russian investment and technology. Today, several large Russian companies are actively operating on the Black Continent, including Gazprom, Renova, Rusal, Rosatom, Evraz, Severstal and others. In addition, Russian companies contribute to the emergence and development of the industry and production specific to African countries. , as well as demonstrating high social responsibility, an example of which is the help of the Rusal corporation to the people of Guinea in the fight against Ebola. At the height of the epidemic of this fever, Rusal built a special medical center in Guinea, on the basis of which they not only treat and vaccinate people, but also train epidemiologists.

NUMBER

More than 80,000 Africans received diplomas from Soviet universities after studying in the USSR. Returning to their homeland, they became the intellectual and political elite of their countries. Nearly half a million more people on the continent received higher or secondary education in educational institutions built in Africa by Soviet specialists.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.
RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular

Recent Comments