Many are the doubts that arise in the patient at the time they are diagnosed with diabetes. In addition to finding out about certain restricted foods, they are concerned about the changes that must be made in lifestyle. Likewise, at Christmas time, gatherings outside the home are more frequent than ever and food intakes are decidedly higher than at other times of the year.
However, it is important to differentiate between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. In the second modality, which is more frequent among adults, factors such as “an incorrect diet, a sedentary lifestyle and, ultimately, weight gain” are involved. ”, so it is “intimately related to lifestyles”, although on a genetic and family basis, advanced age is also a risk factor for developing it, explains the head of the Endocrinology and Nutrition Service of the Quirónsalud Córdoba Hospital, Dr Rafael Palomares.
“It is recommended to carry out laboratory tests in those people at risk, with a family history, presence of other cardiovascular risk factors and a personal history of gestational diabetes, among others. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor should recommend appropriate lifestyle modifications and, on some occasions, treatment with oral antidiabetics”, indicates Dr. Palomarés.
“It is advisable to carry out laboratory analysis in those people at risk”
Thus, patients with diabetes should emphasize a varied diet and resist the temptation to consume products with a high glycemic load on these important dates. For these patients, the nutritionist at Hospital Quirónsalud Córdoba Lourdes de la Bastida recommends the method called ‘dish’. It consists of each dish must include a quarter of carbohydrates (rice, pasta or potato, among others), another quarter of protein foods (eggs, meat or fish) and the remaining half, vegetables.
How to take care of yourself at Christmas
Although the dietary-nutritional guidelines are usually similar for all patients with diabetes, each person must carry out their personalized treatment. In any case, a correct diet is key for the evolution of the disease to be as good as possible. For this reason, “spending a certain amount of time planning the menu for the week and making the shopping list” is recommended to “avoid constantly thinking about food and making it a constant concern,” says the nutritionist.
In this period full of meals away from home, more attention should be paid “to foods richer in carbohydrates, such as bread, chips, pizzas and desserts.” Likewise, when making the shopping list, “fresh and seasonal foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, dairy products, fish, meat and eggs” should continue to be included as opposed to “sausages, industrial pastries and drinks with sugar or distilled”, adds De la Bastida.
In addition to sugar, today we see many products being replaced by other sweeteners. There are many ingredients similar to sugar, such as molasses, fructose syrup or cane syrup, which “are sugars, although we do not identify them as such.” For this reason, the nutritionist emphasizes the importance of consulting “the list of ingredients, which are always ordered from highest to lowest content and, subsequently, the nutritional value (carbohydrates, sugars, fats, salt…) of the product in its set”.
“There are many ingredients that are sugars, although we do not identify them as such”
However, not everything related to diabetes care revolves around diet. Although it can harm health by worsening glycemic controls, cardiovascular health or weight gain, among other problems, leading a lifestyle devoid of physical activity “will also have an impact on the evolution of diabetes.” Thus, avoiding sugars, continuing to eat healthy and doing sports on a regular basis is essential for the disease to progress correctly.
PRODUCED BY BLUEMEDIA STUDIO This content has been produced by BLUEMEDIA STUDIO, Henneo’s Branded Content unit.