In Spain, the unemployment rate is close to 13%, and one of the most affected sectors is that of those under 25 years of age: unemployment is around 30%. Hence, young people give great importance to the employability of the career they are going to study. While some do not guarantee the possibility of finding a job, others facilitate the foray into the labor market. 100% in fact, in the university degrees that are in the second case there is a percentage close to the BBVA Foundation and the Valencian Institute of Economic Research (Ivie).
The “fight” between science and letters seems to stabilize over time when it comes to finding a good job, since the report reveals the dichotomy that exists between the two with respect to job opportunities. In addition, the study indicates characteristics of the 100 universities with the highest degree of labor insertion, a piece of information that is especially useful for all those students who this year will have to take the EBAU 2023 and, finally, will have to choose an ivo center format.
The report not only contains the ranking made with 2019 data on graduates five years earlier, but also a novelty: it includes a tool that allows students to discover how likely they are to work in the area of their degree, based on the degree they choose and the center where they attend it, as well as an approximation of the salary they would earn.
What do you have to study to earn more than 1,500 euros net per month
The authors of the report have drawn up a list with 101 areas that encompass the more than 4,000 degrees that exist in Spain, in order to find out which studies offer the best prospects for the future. These have been ordered according to the employment rate five years after graduating, if the monthly income is greater than or equal to 1,500 euros net, if they have a job that requires a university degree and if the job corresponds to their studies.
Medicine is at the head of the ranking, with an employment rate of 95%, 91.8% of employed persons earning 1,500 euros or more per month, and close to 100% of graduates working in highly-skilled occupations and in related activities of directly with their studies. This is followed by eight engineering: aeronautics, computers, telecommunications, electronics and software development.
As expected, the degree chosen will have a great influence on employability and the salary received. So much so that, depending on the degree chosen, there is a difference of up to 25% in the probability of finding a job, and of 82% in that of earning a salary above 1,500 euros net per month.
Which universities offer more job opportunities?
Not only the degree is important: also the university for which the students opt. To classify them, those responsible for the report crossed the data and their job output with the number of annual graduates, the Social Security affiliation rate, the average contribution base, that is, the gross annual salary, and the percentage of graduates who They perform tasks that correspond to their level of qualification.
Thus, in the highest ranking of the best centers are the public polytechnic universities and some private ones that are located in the surroundings of the capital of Spain: the Polytechnic University of Madrid takes first place, followed by the Catholic University Santa Teresa de Jesús de Ávila and the Polytechnic University of Cartagena. All of these have computer science and engineering studies in their programs.
Likewise, the study reflects the average annual salary of graduates in each of the universities that enters the top 100.
What are the careers with less work?
The employment situation of those who study Medicine or Engineering contrasts with that of those who opt for other careers with fewer outlets, such as Archaeology, which occupies the last position -101- among the areas of knowledge analyzed: of the graduates in 2019 only one out of every two (54%) work in something related to it, and 10% earn net 1,500 euros or more.
This is followed by History of Art, with data that is not at all positive, since they barely do work related to their studies, half do it in jobs that do not require highly qualified and only one in four earns, at least, 1,500 euro
Behind these two careers are Conservation and Restoration, Fine Arts, Management and Public Administration, Occupational Therapy and History. However, the report highlights that having university studies is still advantageous: in 2022, the unemployment rate was 12.9%, but in university graduates it was half, 6.6%.