Fewer children are being born in Spain. A “silent” pandemic that began several years ago and escalated after the Covid outbreak. Behind this trend are economic uncertainty and job insecurity that are driving Spain towards a country of retirees who cannot find relief for a generation to pay those pensions. According to the latest data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), in the first half of the year a total of 159,705 children were born.211 more than 159,494 for the same period in 2021 (a preliminary figure released a year ago was 160,681, slightly higher than the final figure released this Wednesday).
The lowest rate since the late 1990s, but slightly higher at 0.13% than the rate for the first half of 2021, when the children were born. conceived in the first phase of the coronavirus. On the other hand, they are 10,590 fewer than in the first half of 2020. This is the eighth year in a row that the statistical agency has recorded a decline on this issue during the first six months of the year, since June 2015, when about 205,000 people were born. June 2022 this figure has decreased by more than 45,000making the first semester of this past year the year with the fewest births recorded in Spain since data on the subject was available in 1941.
February was the month with the fewest births (24,836), then April (25,570) and June (26,959). The remaining three remaining months added: January 27,563; March 27,426; and May 27,343. It is worth noting that just four years before these figures, in the first half of 2018, the number of births per month fluctuated around the area and mostly exceeded 30,000.
By region, the number of births increased in the first half of the year compared to 2021 in six of the 17 autonomous communities, especially in Asturias, by 7.56%, and in Madrid, 5.07%, other than Ceuta, 5.14%. It also grew up in the Valencian Community (2.76%), Catalonia (1.57%), Cantabria (0.97%) and Castile and León (0.56%). Births fell the most in La Rioja, 8.02%, ahead of two archipelagos: 4.04% in the Balearic Islands and 3.84% in the Canary Islands; apart from Melilla, 6.32%.
Mortality is on the rise
On the other hand, INE announced that up to July 25 this year (week 30), 275,872 people had died in Spain, an increase of 13,317 compared to the same week in 2021. This number of deaths also exceeds recorded on week 30, 2019 (249,459) and for 2018 (256,571). However, there are 19,062 fewer deaths than in the same week of 2020 (294,939), which was the first of the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to the Instituto Carlos III Daily Mortality Monitoring (MoMo) system, most of the deaths that occurred in 2022 occur during the summer months, which links up to 2,223 deaths to high temperatures in July. In total, the MoMO has registered 5,276 heat-related deaths this year, up from 744 in 2021. On the other hand, it is observed that the majority of deaths occur in the elderly. Or rather, they died. 1091 men aged from 85 to 89 years and 1438 women of the same age. In the age group over 90, 3259 men and 6774 women died.
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