The visit to Moscow of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan, Mukhtar Tleuberdi, confirmed the readiness of the republic to continue expanding economic ties with Russia, our country is the largest trading partner of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Tleuberdi discussed with his Russian colleague Sergey Lavrov the status and prospects of bilateral cooperation in the political, trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres, further steps to strengthen interregional and cross-border cooperation and interaction in the fuel, energy, and space.
Sergey Lavrov said that President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev received an invitation to participate in the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in June this year, in addition, this year Orenburg will host the annual Forum on Interregional Cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan. At the moment, 73 of Russia’s 85 regions are participating in joint trade and economic projects with partners in Kazakhstan, the Foreign Minister noted. He also noted the growth in the volume of mutual trade.
“Last year, a record trade turnover was achieved – it exceeded $25.5 billion, mutual deliveries increased significantly, we see this as confirmation of the mutually beneficial nature of our interaction,” said Sergey Lavrov.
For his part, Mukhtar Tleuberdi emphasized that for three decades Russia and Kazakhstan have formed a strategic partnership based on the historical proximity of the two peoples, mutual trust, respect for sovereignty, national interests, both in bilateral and multilateral terms. “In general, I want to note that cooperation with Russia has been and remains one of the priorities of our foreign policy, we hope to maintain and further develop constructive approaches and a common approach to solving current and long-term tasks of mutual interest, which include the established by the heads of our states”, concluded the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan.
An illustration of the Russian-Kazakh partnership can be, in particular, the recent visit to Kazakhstan of the governor of the Omsk region, Alexander Burkov, who discussed with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev the state and prospects of cooperation between the Russian region and the republic. .
New routes of cooperation
In a meeting with the governor of Omsk, President Tokayev noted that the ties between the republic and the Russian border region have a beneficial effect on business performance. Tokayev noted that the Omsk region occupies a special place in the projects for the development of interregional relations of Kazakhstan, and that for Omsk itself, Kazakhstan is the “number one partner”.
In response, Alexander Burkov said: “Our region is ready to increase the supply (to Kazakhstan – ed.) of elite seeds. Today, about 5 million hectares of land in Kazakhstan are sown with seeds from Omsk scientific centers. We, in turn, are interested in acquiring pedigree cattle from Kazakh farms for raising highly productive beef cattle in the Omsk region; we were only talking about the possibility of allowing the supply of these products.”
At the meeting between the president and the governor, the importance of establishing direct transport links between the regions of Russia and Kazakhstan was discussed, as well as plans to open daily flights, as well as air flights from Omsk to Alm-Ata, Pavlodar, Petropavlovsk, Shymkent and Aktau.
It should be noted that shortly before the visit to Moscow, Kazakhstan’s Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tleuberdi stated that his country would not take steps to circumvent the sanctions imposed against Russia, but at the same time stressed that Kazakhstan did not intend to join the pressure of sanctions on the Russian Federation and take any action that infringes on Russia’s interests and contradicts the spirit of partnership between the two countries.
The Republic Minister for Foreign Affairs noted that Kazakhstan has historically developed close political, economic, cultural and humanitarian ties with Russia.
“Having the longest border in the world, we intend to maintain the established level of trade and economic cooperation with Russian partners. In general, legally and politically, our states are strategic allies and partners,” Mukhtar Tleuberdi said.
He assured that, as a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, Kazakhstan will continue to develop trade relations with Russia. “In general, the isolation of the Russian economy, one of the largest in the world, in the long term, of course, is detrimental to the development of the entire world economy. In this sense, we believe that the international community should continue to contribute to the search for a peaceful resolution of the conflict between Moscow and kyiv”, stressed the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan.
“Faster and cheaper”
Negotiations with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev were not the only meeting of Omsk Governor Alexander Burkov during his visit to Kazakhstan. The business program also included a meeting with the leaders of the Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure Development, senior managers of the investment and construction holding company BI Group, a visit to the Kazakhstan Agrotechnical University and an inspection of the capital’s infrastructure facilities. .
The Omsk delegation met with the head of the Pavlodar region Abylkair Skakov, the parties discussed the organization of cargo traffic along the Irtysh River. Omsk investors are ready to invest up to 100 million rubles in the construction of a mooring wall in the Pavlodar region.
“We are working on the issue of launching a direct flight between Omsk and Pavlodar. Together with the akim (head of the region – ed.), we are considering the issue of building a small cargo port to load products from suppliers of the Pavlodar region and transport them along the Irtysh. This will reduce the costs of carriers by 30%,” said the governor of the Omsk region.
His colleague Pavlodar promised support in the implementation of the project. “We have practically the only remaining river port in Kazakhstan, and in fact, we could transport much more cargo by river. This is faster and cheaper. In recent years, for objective and subjective reasons, the dynamics of cargo transportation has been declining, but before it was half a million and a million tons of cargo. I think there is great business potential in both areas. We will jointly solve technical problems and barriers in this matter at the level of regional authorities and, if necessary, with the support of central authorities,” Abylkair Skakov explained.
Currently, sawn and wood products are shipped from Omsk to the neighboring country, and crushed stone, sand, gravel and salt are shipped from Kazakhstan to Omsk by river. The annual volume of cargo transport reaches about 150 thousand tons.
Also, in the talks of the head of the Omsk region with his colleague from Pavlodar, the issue of creating a branch of the Omsk State Technical University on the basis of Pavlodar University, discussed with the president of Kazakhstan on the day previous. , was continued. The rectors of the universities have already met, they agreed that the joint educational program would begin in September of this year.
The Omsk delegation visited the largest enterprises in Pavlodar, including the manufacturer of high-octane and polypropylene fuel additives “Neftekhim”, the agricultural complex “Rubik”, as well as cultural and sports facilities.
Governor Alexander Burkov invited the residents of Pavlodar to the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Omsk region and the first games of the Avangard sports team at the local stadium.
Growing regional markets
The candidate of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of the Omsk branch of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Sergey Evseenko, recalls that Kazakhstan and Russia are linked not only by the land border, but also by the Irtysh, their joint use.
“Our neighbors have a great interest in the forest, including Omsk. Well, and the transit of grain – wheat of the third class. They are traditional things that are always negotiated. As for the Irtysh River, it basically resembles the Danube River in Europe. And the Bukhtarma reservoir, which is located in Kazakhstan, practically regulates the regime of its drainage. On the territory of the Omsk region and Russia, this is already a channel, says the Russian expert. – How much water will be released and at what time is of great importance in our region, and emergency situations, irrigation and navigation depend on it. We found a common point of view with Kazakhstan on this issue.”
According to the deputy trade representative of Kazakhstan to Russia in Kazan, Nurzhan Sadykov, the growth of trade cooperation is convincingly demonstrated by statistical data.
“If we talk about the dynamics of trade cooperation, there is a positive trend here both compared to last year and compared to 2020. In January-February this year alone, trade turnover averaged around $3 billion and grew 20% compared to the same period last year. At the same time, Kazakhstan’s exports to Russia over the same period showed a growth rate of over 32%. Therefore, we are interested and we are working to keep this trend in the focus of bilateral trade relations.
Encouraging Kazakh and Russian companies to develop cross-border cooperation will make it possible to offset part of the rising trade costs due to the same short “logistics shoulder”, the reorientation of part of the sales market to shorter distances. The encouragement of cross-border trade cooperation will drag with it industrial cooperation. In general, in the context of a global breakdown in supply chains and the liberation of commercial niches, we are seeing an increase in commercial interest in regional sales markets, and we are only contributing to this trend”, says the commercial representative from Kazakhstan and Russia.
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