In June of the following year, in a meeting with members of the constitutional commission, he expressed the idea of approving reforms to the Constitution through a nationwide referendum. For more than a month, there was a popular discussion about important changes that affect all Uzbeks and the country as a whole. Then the Legislative Chamber, summarizing the proposals, sent all the reforms for review.
The Head of State urged, without haste, to carefully study more than 220,000 options and interpretations to improve the Basic Law. “We will make decisions based on the principle ‘Society is the initiator of reforms’ and consulting all issues with our people,” he stressed.
On February 24 of this year, two responsible committees of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis (Parliament) again discussed the bill on amendments to the Constitution. Already in early March, the president met with deputies and senators, as well as with the leadership of the Supreme Court.
Consultations were held at the meeting after considering proposals from the population. It was indicated that the bill would be preliminarily considered by the Constitutional Court. A feature of the situation is that 27 new articles are being introduced into the current constitution, the total number of articles is increasing from 128 to 155, and norms from 275 to 434.
This means that, taking into account the reforms, the Organic Law of the Republic is updated by 65%. If earlier the title of the bill referred to amendments to the Constitution, now we are talking about a new version of the Constitution of Uzbekistan, the referendum of which was scheduled for April 30. The country proclaims itself a social state. In particular, the Constitution provides for changing the principle “State – society – person” to “person – society – State”, that is, “putting the interests of the person above all else”.
Due to the fact that Uzbekistan proclaims itself a social state, the norms of social obligations increase almost 3 times. In particular, housing will be provided to socially needy categories of citizens; the minimum wage, which will be determined taking into account the provision of a decent life for a person; the rights of citizens to receive a guaranteed volume of medical care and much more will be ensured.
The Constitution defines the right of young people to study in universities run by the State on the basis of a scholarship, that is, the opportunity to receive higher education run by the State will be “guaranteed to talented young people.” This means that state grants in higher education “will always be allocated quotas and this procedure will never be abolished,” lawmaker Jakhongir Shirinov said.
In addition, it is planned to reduce the number of senators from the current 100 to 65 and share the powers of the presidents of the kengash (council) of people’s deputies and khokims (heads of districts, cities, regions).
A democratic rule is introduced that the same person cannot be elected (appointed) to a given public office for more than two consecutive terms.
The ambiguities in the legislation derived from the interaction of a citizen with the organs of the State will be interpreted in favor of the citizen. For example, there are sometimes conflicting rules in tax law. Naturally, the tax authority wants to interpret such a discrepancy in favor of the state and the citizen, in his favor. This guarantee, incorporated into the Constitution, puts an end to such disputes.
“The new draft of the Basic Law fully complies with all normative acts of Uzbekistan and adopted international documents,” said the president of the Constitutional Court, Mirzo-Ulugbek Abdusalomov. He also said that there would only be one question on the ballot for the referendum on the project as a whole.
The deputies of the Oliy Majlis highlight that during the preparation of the document they received more than 220,000 proposals from citizens who showed an active public position. “We take each quarter into account. That is why the new constitution will become truly popular,” the parliament’s press service said in a statement. Most of the changes sound like “for all the good, against all the bad.” Thus, the State will assume additional social obligations to combat poverty and reduce unemployment, and 2.2 million low-income families will receive economic support. The constitution will also enshrine the right of every Uzbek citizen to housing. Thanks to this, in the next 2-3 years, the authorities promise to resettle 200,000 families. Entrepreneurs are guaranteed fair taxation, journalists are guaranteed freedom of expression.
Legislators paid special attention to the protection of traditional values. It is emphasized that parents are obliged to support their children and adult children to care for their parents.
The president of the country Shavkat Mirziyoyev, in his message to the people, said that “we will make decisions based on the principle of” society is the initiator of reforms “and consulting our people on all issues,” emphasized the head of state. And most importantly, the majority of the population supports the course of the current president, because it is he who acts as a guarantor that the large-scale transformations that he has initiated will come to their logical end. By voting for the constitution, the citizens, in fact, reaffirmed the high level of confidence in their President.
On the basis of the national referendum held on April 30, the Constitution of Uzbekistan in a new edition entered into force from May 1. The most important thing today is the implementation of the provisions of the updated Constitution. This was stated by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev at a large-format meeting with the participation of all interested representatives of state bodies and the public to consider the results of the referendum.
May 8 of this year The president signed two decrees. The first of them provides for the application of the provisions of the Constitution, the second – talks about the celebration of July 9 this year. early elections of the president of Uzbekistan.
In his address to the meeting participants, Shavkat Mirziyoyev emphasized that “The provision enshrined in the updated Constitution that Uzbekistan is a sovereign, democratic, legal, social and secular state is of historical importance. That “these five pillars” that determine the path of development and the destiny of our country, said the President, “will never be changed.”
Therefore, all levels of power in Uzbekistan are being reformed, urgent new political and socio-economic tasks, transformations and reforms have been proposed in all spheres of the country’s life and civil society.