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HomeLatest NewsVaccination against measles: how much works, when and who to get vaccinated

Vaccination against measles: how much works, when and who to get vaccinated

Date: February 7, 2023 Time: 20:35:01

Photo: Vladimir VELENGURIN

Rospotrebnadzor announced the imminent start of a large-scale vaccination campaign against measles. From April to December 2023, getting vaccinated will be important for those who have never been vaccinated against this disease and for those who have been vaccinated before but have already lost their immune protection by prescription.

The need arose because during the years of the covid pandemic, herd immunity to this infection has been drastically reduced. In early 2022, the WHO sounded the alarm at all. Then, in January and February alone, the incidence of measles in the world increased by as much as 79 percent, but Russia resisted. The epidemic did not happen. Last year ended for us at the level of 34 measles cases, the director of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova told Komsomolskaya Pravda about this. However, already at the beginning of this year 2023, an outbreak of infection occurred in the Novosibirsk region. 45 people got measles, 17 of them were children.

Now we are talking about cases of imported infection from abroad. Official reports emphasize that the measles epidemic does not threaten us, however, immunity in the population has developed over the years without a pandemic. To prevent the spread of the disease, the vaccination campaign will include not only the country’s citizens, but also migrant workers.

“It is extremely important to vaccinate everyone who is not vaccinated,” Andrei Prodeus, a pediatrician, doctor of medical sciences, allergist and immunologist, emphasized in a conversation with KP.RU. – The higher the percentage of people who are not protected by the vaccine, the greater the scope of the measles virus to find a new home in the human body and spread further, and even acquire mutations.

The opinion that if a person was vaccinated in childhood, and now he is protected for life is incorrect, says the doctor.

– Immunity to vaccination: it is, in most cases, finite. Cells in the body no longer remember the pathogen they trained against. It’s like practical skills. You can learn something, but if this skill is not practiced, then it is forgotten. Same with vaccines. Immunity to the influenza virus is less resistant in terms of immunity, to hepatitis B – it lasts 5-6 years, to measles – an average of 10 years. Therefore, getting vaccinated or re-vaccinated is important for both children and adults. After all, an adult, even if he himself does not get very sick, will be a wonderful carrier of infections.

Measles is a rather dangerous disease, especially with its complications and unpleasant. The disease can cause pneumonia and inflammation of the heart and brain. The virus itself is transmitted only between humans. The disease is initially similar to SARS or usual influenza. As a rule, cough and conjunctivitis quickly join general malaise with fever, headache, muscle aches, sore throat, runny nose.

KP REFERENCE

According to Rospotrebnadzor, 4,491 cases of measles were detected in Russia in 2019, 1,212 in 2020, and only 1 case of infection in 2021.

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.
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